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The Sarbanes Oxley Act: Boon or Bane
Starting from about mid-year of 1999 and continuing at hastened pace until May 2002, the Ebbers in coordination or with knowledge of some of its key officials including its chief finance officer , its comptroller, and director of accounting, employed fraudulent...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Case Study , Law
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Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002/Methods of Depreciation
Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002 Identify key components of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and describe its primary objective. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act that was enacted during the period of 2002 came into existence in order to counter the unethical and illegal accounting scandals...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay , Business
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Uniform Commercial Code, Sarbanes Oxley Act, and Securities Violations
Criminal Penalties for CEO/CFO financial statement certification, it is a criminal offense for a chief financial officer or chief executive officer to certify any information relating to the financial statement of the company knowing very well that such information does not present the actual financial...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Assignment , Law
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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2004 in the US
Generally speaking, the Sarbanes Oxley Act seeks to introduce major changes in the regulation of financial practice and corporate governance. Section 301 stipulates that there should be independent directors on the audit committee. Sections 302, 404, and 409 deal with the information technology aspect. Section...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Case Study , Macro & Microeconomics
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Enron Scandal and Its Immediate Effects
After a long trial, Andrew Fastow, the former Enron finance executive has been sentenced to six years in prison. Fastow pleaded guilty for fraud and money laundering in 2004 and also became the chief whiteness in the trial against Jeffrey Skilling and Ken Lay. His...
Pages: 20 (5000 words) , Case Study , Law
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The Impact of the Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act
For escalated expenditure, confusion by corporate executives as the guidelines necessitated costly outlays and less flexibility and financial dexterity. Nonetheless, Bisoux asserts that SOX has forced many corporate executives to abandon the “what-you-don’t-know-can’t-hurt-you approach at managerial levels to an honesty-is-the-best-policy”...
Pages: 17 (4250 words) , Term Paper , Law
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Stakeholders Perspective and Eethics in Financial Information Systems
In regard to security (accuracy and confidentiality), security of AIS is critical in ensuring that undesirable events such as loss of data integrity and confidentiality are avoided. According to Guy et al (2003), security of the AIS is necessary for preventing fraud in addition to...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Research Paper , Professional
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Financial reporting disclosure
It will also evaluate the effect of such enactments in the corporate environment. Introduction Accounting disclosures are essential elements that help to formulate a recognition and measurement of accounting statements. Such disclosures bring out the basic financial statements of the company and allow for financial reporting by...
Pages: 12 (3000 words) , Research Paper , Finance & Accounting
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Motivations for Sarbanes-Oxley 2002
The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board was set up to oversee the audit of public companies that are subject to the securities laws. The duties of the board include a. registration of public accounting firms that prepare audit reports for issuers; b. establishing or adopting audit quality...
Pages: 12 (3000 words) , Research Paper , Law
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Revisiting Sarbanes-Oxley
The situation at HealthSouth began to unravel in August of 2002 when accounting staff advised management that they no longer would make false entries. According to the indictment, a senior officer also refused to sign a financial report until Scrushy agreed to a plan to...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Case Study , Finance & Accounting
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Checks and Balances within the Corporate Governance Environment
According to Solomon (46), the system of checks and balances involved in corporate governance needs to be effective so that they can function well. Though corporate governance mechanisms cannot hinder unethical activities in the top management, they can detect these violations before the situation gets...
Pages: 9 (2250 words) , Case Study , Business
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Market and political/regulatory perspectives on the recent accounting scandals
These includes extended boom, high growth that was built into performance including increase in revenue and share prices among others. As a result, managers were under pressure to improve the financial performance of their companies. Additionally, tax increased. According to Coffee (2005), share ownership is...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Assignment , Finance & Accounting
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The Rise and Collapse of Enron
The paper demonstrates that the implementation of the activities described in the work, according to PricewaterhouseCoopers (2003) was followed by a collection of other bills that sought to cement the open spaces that would create leeway for other future breaches. When the Michael Oxley bill...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Case Study , Law
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Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act
In order to prevent against the risks arising our of non-disclosure and/ or limited disclosure of information by companies like Tyco and Enron, SOX requires the companies to strictly follow Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), and adequately disclose off-balance sheet and hidden information of material...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Case Study , Business
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Accounting Fraud, earnings manipulation, and creative accounting
Accounting Fraud, earnings manipulation, and creative accounting Introduction Overtime, there have been high profile cases detailing fraudulent financial reporting such as those at Enron and WorldCom. This has heightened concerns on the credibility of the U.S. financial reporting process, and also put into doubt the...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Research Paper , Finance & Accounting
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Public Policy and the Practice and Problems of Accounting
Interviews with a CFO of Fortune 15 company and an auditor of a Big Four Accounting firm revealed the following responses that can be taken as the impact of the SOX Act. The CFO contends that there are greater awareness and ownership of business process...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Term Paper , Business
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Different Dimensions And Features Of Auditing Processes
The audit is a much significant concept in the global business world. The necessity of controlling fraudulent practices by different small and big companies is one critical factor which has highlighted the importance of audit in the last few decades. Also, the multiple number of...
Pages: 9 (2250 words) , Research Paper , Finance & Accounting
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This, the institutional investors also like to satisfy themselves that their investments have been made in companies where internationally accepted corporate governance practices are being adopted. This also calls for a more transparent disclosure by business entities of their established governance practices in their annual...
Pages: 65 (16250 words) , Dissertation
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Sarbanes Oxley and its Influence on the Finance
SOX created an independent impact in supporting the publicly held companies, by limiting the services provided by accounting firms. This helped SOX to be established enough from 2002 to 2006 with increased disclosure requirements for public companies. (Gentry, 2006) According to Gentry, “Interestingly, while most...
Pages: 22 (5500 words) , Coursework , Finance & Accounting
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Corporate governance
Then, the new chief executive officer adopted the mark-to-market accounting, requiring income to be estimated the moment a contract is signed as the current worth of net prospective cash flow. This, he claimed, was a representation of the true economic value. However, the considerable inconsistencies...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Essay , Finance & Accounting
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Effect of Corporate Governance on Corporate Interest Groups
This research paper explores the probable effects of corporate governance on potential stakeholders in corporations. The effects can be best understood with reference to agency and stakeholder theory.  The agency theory helps in identifying issues of conflicts among various groups which have interest over the...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Research Paper , Politics
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Massive Accounting Irregularities of Citigroup, JP Morgan, and AIG
The earnings management manipulation may be used to smooth out earnings from quarter to the next, or it may be used in order to maintain an expected trend. In 1999 Microsoft was accused by SEC of manipulating statements when CEO Bill Gates asked for excess...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Research Paper , Finance & Accounting
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Analysis of the Enron Scandal
Any breaching of business ethics simply means that the organization involved in the breach has selected the path it will take and has chosen for the graph of progress to begin steeping downwards. What comes as even more in the study of such cases is...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Research Paper , Business
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Define Whistleblower
A federal agency is said to have violated the Whistleblower Protection Act if it fails to take or takes (or make threats to take or fail to take) a personnel action regarding any applicant or employee owing to any information disclosure by the applicant or...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Research Paper , Law
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Rules, Principles and Judgments in Accounting Standards
The research literature suggests broad conclusions about the incremental effects of additional rules on a standard's ability to communicate and constrain aggressive reporting. First, a key to accurate communication is striking the right balance between providing enough rules to communicate and not so many rules...
Pages: 9 (2250 words) , Term Paper , Finance & Accounting
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The Role of Corporate Governance in the Collapse of Corporations: Shell, Enron, Worldcom and Maxwell
After the collapse of the Enron Company, the other company’s fears or anybody else’s fears across the US is whether the white-collar crime will persist.  One of the major steps to monitor all the companies inclusive of the fortune 500 was the sighing into law...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Case Study , Business
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Corporate governance
The executives did not observe the duty of full disclosure and good faith. No clear justification was gotten to support allegations that the CEO was selling stock and that he informed the employees about future rise of the stock. The investigations about the company’s bankruptcy...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Essay , Finance & Accounting
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Fundamentals of Financial Accounting
As a result of the aforementioned international factors, there is a need to adopt international accounting and auditing standards to enhance reliability and comparability in financial statements across regions and jurisdictions. These include generally accepted accounting principles, international financial reporting standards. As a result of...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Assignment , Finance & Accounting
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Threats Facing Electronic Financial Transactions over the Internet
Since the Internet does not fall under the purview of any national government, enforcing cyber laws has become difficult. Moreover, different nations have slightly different cyber laws, making it impossible to deduce a common set of laws applicable to all Internet users. (Misra, Scherer, et...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Term Paper , Finance & Accounting
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An Analysis of the Industry, the Market Forces and the Economy Relevant to the Axon Company
Since SAP contributes to cost reduction and service improvement, all of these sectors require the services of consultants. Even though the requirement for consultants is on the upswing, the rates charged by the consultants have to be competitive. Today firms compete for contracts that are...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Case Study , Business
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Corporate Governance - Similarities and Differences in the UK and US Approach
A cursory perusal of the regulations on corporate governance in the UK and the US points towards a discernible difference in the approach of the two nations towards corporate governance. The regulations on corporate governance in the UK have always been primarily based on maneuverable...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Thesis Proposal , Management
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The examples of Enron, WorldCom, Satyam Computer Services, etc. resemble the consequences of reporting false capital structure and inflated financial statements. These examples also explain the importance of true and comprehensive information reported in the financial statement from the point of view of the existing...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay , Finance & Accounting
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Independent Non-Executives of the Board in Recent Regulations of Australia, the UK and the US
This paper illustrates that both local and international corporate collapses suggested inadequate corporate governance systems. Different countries responded differently to there problems. The US responded with a new legislation - the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The UK introduced a number of reports with more detailed...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay , Business
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Analysis of the Frauds Committed against Stock Exchanges of the UK and the USA
 I am going to analyze the frauds committed against stock exchanges of UK and USA and its impact and how governments have responded to prevent frauds and ways and means to curb these frauds in the near future. The Serious Fraud Office of UK reported...
Pages: 12 (3000 words) , Research Paper , Macro & Microeconomics
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Starting Up A Business
The implementation of these internal controls may be challenging due to several reasons. For example, in this case, the challenge of cost may arise which I intend to overcome by proper planning on how to get the funds.In the current business world, many regulations have...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Finance & Accounting
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Enron Collapse and Judicial Inquiry and Penalties
The gains of those involved in the fraud of Enron came from aggressive compensation packages that grew with high shares driven by false profits, all under the consent of the board (chaired by Kenneth Lay, the company's founder and one of the fraudsters), who failed...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Literature review , Business
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You Are an Entrepreneur
The source of expenses of the restaurant business mainly includes the cost of the goods sold, the operating cost, occupancy cost which includes property taxes, rent or mortgage and the payroll that includes that a portion of the income is to be allocated in salaries....
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Book Report/Review , Finance & Accounting
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Regulation Of Auditing Profession In UK
One of the major causes of such exploitation of professional influence is to a great extent brought about by the concentration of ‘auditing power’ among a few firms in the UK. Arnold and Sikka (2001) illuminate that UK accountancy profession is highly dominated by a...
Pages: 12 (3000 words) , Essay , Business
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Corporate governance
As Enron started earning profits expectation of analysts regarding the company started on increasing (McLean and Elkind, 2013). However in reality the company was making huge amount of losses and was accumulating debt. As the company started accumulating debt it understood that if it...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Essay , Finance & Accounting
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Financial reports must give a reflection about the company’s profits and losses. Additionally, the assessment must exhibit a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the organization during the end of a financial year. Also, they must ensure that the financial reports...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Assignment , Finance & Accounting
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Ethical Branding and Corporate Reputation
CEO Roberto C. Goizueta of Coca-Cola was legendary and since his death in 1997 there have been no real changes to the corporate strategy at the senior management level (SD, 2006). The CEOs after that have been justifying stating that since that approach was successful...
Pages: 13 (3250 words) , Essay , Business
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Evolution of the Auditing Profession
Developed by Luca Pacioli resulted in this activity being regarded as a regular profession in human financial activities. Those involved in the activity checking and verifying accounting records are referred to as auditors. They are called certified public accountants in the United States and chartered...
Pages: 9 (2250 words) , Assignment , Finance & Accounting
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Barriers to Adoption of International Accounting Standards
The key objectives of accounting standards are identification, measurement, and reporting of financial information of the organisational entities to the stakeholders. Financial accounting is a process culminating in the preparation of the financial reports of the organisations. These are done for the use of both...
Pages: 12 (3000 words) , Assignment , Business
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Finacial Service Management, Risk and Various Regluations Provide Benefits
The accord has provided the banks an opportunity to overhaul their business processes aligning them with the more robust and technology-driven. Apart from that, BASEL II has provided a uniform set of rules based on the size and characteristics of the organization rather than its...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Coursework , Business
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Provision of non audit services by the auditor to the audit client is a threat to auditors' independence. Evaluate the seriousness of this threat compared with other threats to auditors' independence and identify the strengthening auditors'
Provision of Non Audit Services by the Auditor to the Audit Client is a Threat to Auditors Independence. Evaluate the Seriousness of this Threat Compared With Other Threats to Auditors Independence and Identify the Effective Means of Strengthening Auditors Independence Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 1.Introduction 3 2. Literature...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Finance & Accounting
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Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Comparing the financial outcomes with companies from other countries would push them to convert their accounting data to different forms to enhance comparison that was considerably costly. The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) provided a long-term solution to the setback by developing International Financial Reporting...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Book Report/Review , Finance & Accounting
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Cross-Fertilisation between Audit and Non-Audit Services
During the provision of non-audit services, the arguments include recruitment and retention, ‘cross-fertilisation’ between audit and non-audit services and independent provision of non-audit services. First, due to recruitment and retention, non-audit services are likely to make important contribution to the profitability and success of...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Finance & Accounting
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Business Economics: Anderson Company
If the auditing firms are not allowed to offer consulting services, then these firms will be totally dependent on auditing services for revenue. In this scenario, the auditing firms, especially the smaller ones, may be forced to adopt softer accounting principles just to ensure they...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Assignment , Business
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Main Aspects of Working in the Financial Sector in the US
The number of migrant workers in the US both documented and undocumented is estimated to be at least 2.5 million with a majority of those workers originating from Latin America. (Sharita, 2007)The Financial Sector in the USThe financial sector in the US has a history...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Coursework , Human Resources
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Globalization and Its Discontents
Another aspect of globalization is taking advantage of the cheap labor provided by the Asian labor market by outsourcing back-office operation to these countries. For operations that require twenty-four by seven presence and availability to its clientele rely on the cheap labor provided by other...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Research Paper , Politics
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