This is primarily a consequence of the fact that every single nation is different from the other and requires different forms of governments. Tis paper shall look at four countries- the United States of America, te United Kingdom, Idia and Sri Lanka. Tese countries represent different social and political landscapes and also different forms of government. Wile the United States of America follows a presidential form of governance, Idia and the United Kingdom are followers of the parliamentary form of government. Si Lanka has been included in this a specific purpose- it follows a semi-presidential form of governance which shall enable a student to look at the positives and negatives of either form of government.
Te fact that the landscapes of these countries are very different in terms of their demographic structures shall also help in a fruitful analysis of difference as a necessity. Oe of the major problems of a presidential setup is the fact that the personal charisma of the presidential candidate acquires more importance than it needs to. Tis can be seen in the money that is spent on sprucing up the image of the presidential candidate.
I is precisely because of this that the image of the president as a family man and a common man assumes great importance. Isues of development become secondary to the populist appeal that the president has. I such a setup that is meant to not only take a contemptuous view of the intelligence of the masses but also to perpetuate forms of oppression, alot of money is spent and also, te person’s real abilities may drowned unnoticed.
A a result of this tremendous need for money, te amount of lobbying in the United States of America has gone up and a lot of money is spent on a less productive activity (Fife 2010). Oe of the most important differences between the two systems (parliamentary and presidential) is that in the presidential system, te executive, tat is the president and his cabinet are elected separately and are not a part of the legislature that forms the laws (Williams 1998, 91). Tus, i presidential systems, are problems arise when the president and the party which has the majority in the legislature are not from the same side.
Oe would argue in the light of this statement that parliamentary systems which have a relative unity as a result of the executive being members of the legislature as well work better. Bt, i one is to. ..
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