Historically the past few centuries societal leaders have almost all had one primal characteristic quality, that of being a charismatic leader that was able to incorporate the feeling of the people into his or her persona. However, this was also influenced to a certain extent by the Western attitude and demeanour that was embodied forever the in quintessential character of ‘ The Prince, ’ created by Machiavelli dilemma of absolute power and ethical quandaries of the same ilk. The upheaval of the world in the latter centuries of the past millennia the creation, destruction, and recreation of many different states and regimes.
Each had an associated personality that became almost synonymous with their names: Think of Ataturk, Lenin, Nasser, Sukarno, Kenyatta, Senghor, Nkrumah, Mao, U Nu, Ho Chi Minh, Tito, Kim II Sung, Castro, to mention only some of the more prominent figures. In the case of India, the name, of course, is Gandhi. With the exception of Gandhi, all of these figures match pretty well with Machiavelli's model, set out in The Prince, of political brilliance and political ruthlessness.
2006: 314) Liberalism, as hard as it may seem to believe, was one of the prime factors influencing economic structures and thoughts that had come from the Western mind. Economist around the world began to realize that the current global policies that were falling into place from such minds as Margaret Thatcher, Helmut Kohl and the Reagan-Bush eras as well as the World Bank and the IMF, came from an even more historically distant source: The connections between post-1970s global economic ideologies extolling the global marketplace and the social intellectual revolutions of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that ushered in a new political economy of bourgeois property rights, market power, and the rule of national states.
This ‘ classical liberalism’ they perceived, was often integral with, rather than antagonistic to, latter-day conservatism, and neoliberalism deliberately harkened back to that classical tradition.
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