In the early 18th Century, gography scholars struggled with the problem of longitudinal relations with time. Acording to James and Trapasso (2006), cnflicts surrounding this problem came to a halt in 1760s when John Harrison used a chronometer and accurately acknowledged the Greenwich meridian as the reference longitude. Trough all these ages, gographic knowledge helped man in his exploration and navigation endeavors. Jmes and Trapasso (2006) claimed that it would have been difficult for Columbus to discover America and the West Indies without a world map. O the Aab traders would not travel to unchartered territories without knowing the distance between continents.
Tis means that there would be no definite globalization, gvernance structures and spatial planning without the knowledge of geography. Uderstanding different aspects of the earth is important in explaining apparent disparities in terms of resource endowment, plitical orientations and climatic discordance of regions. According to Chant (2002), kowledge developed from studying influence of latitudes is important in explaining difference between tropic and polar climates. Uderstanding climatic difference of regions marked the foundation of agriculture as economic geography.
Terefore, gography unearthed the varied resource endowment of regions across the world. I addition, wthout knowledge of temperature and soil differences, pople in Sri Lanka would not know that their country has high potential for tea farming. O the other hand, pople would still be wondering why natural tragedies like earth quakes and hurricanes happen. Acording to Short (2003), sudy of longitudinal aspects was important in comprehending time difference observed between different regions across the world. A some point in historical studies, oe may fail to how countries like Britain, Grmany and France conquered vast geographical regions in Africa and Asia.
Hwever, sch phenomena can be explained by acknowledging the role played by geography in imperialism. Eropean imperialism features as one of the territorial expansions which benefited immensely from geography. Dring the early 18th Century, Eropean nations like Britain and France were undergoing substantial development and accumulation of wealth. Acording to Phillips and. ..
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