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World Geography Essay Example

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World Geography

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World Geography. In the early 18th Century, geography scholars struggled with the problem of longitudinal relations with time. According to James and Trapasso (2006), conflicts surrounding this problem came to a halt in 1760s when John Harrison used a chronometer and accurately acknowledged the Greenwich meridian as the reference longitude. Through all these ages, geographic knowledge helped man in his exploration and navigation endeavors. James and Trapasso (2006) claimed that it would have been difficult for Columbus to discover America and the West Indies without a world map. On the other hand, Arab traders would not travel to unchartered territories without knowing the distance between continents. This means that there would be no definite globalization, governance structures and spatial planning without the knowledge of geography.

Understanding different aspects of the earth is important in explaining apparent disparities in terms of resource endowment, political orientations and climatic discordance of regions. According to Chant (2002), knowledge developed from studying influence of latitudes is important in explaining difference between tropic and polar climates. Understanding climatic difference of regions marked the foundation of agriculture as part of economic geography. Therefore, geography unearthed the varied resource endowment of regions across the world. In addition, without knowledge of temperature and soil differences, people in Sri Lanka would not know that their country has high potential for tea farming. On the other hand, people would still be wondering why natural tragedies like earth quakes and hurricanes happen. According to Short (2003), study of longitudinal aspects was important in comprehending time difference observed between different regions across the world.At some point in historical studies, one may fail to understand how European countries like Britain, Germany and France conquered vast geographical regions in Africa and Asia. However, such phenomena can be explained by acknowledging the role played by geography in imperialism. European imperialism features as one of the territorial expansions which benefited immensely from geography. During the early 18th Century, European nations like Britain and France were undergoing substantial development and accumulation of wealth. According to Phillips and. World Geography.

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Reference

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Baker, A. (2013). Geography and History: Bridging the Divide. London: Oxford University Press.

Chant, S. (2002). Book Review: Landscapes of globalization: Human geographies of economic change in the Philippines. Progress in Human Geography, 5(12), 97-104.

Guelke, L. (1985). On the role of evidence in physical and human geography. Geoforum, 09(7), 176-179.

Harrison, S., Massey, D. & Richards, K. (2004). Thinking across the divide: perspectives on the conversations between physical and human geography. Area, 34(6), 14-15.

James, P. & Trapasso, L. (2006). Essentials of Physical Geography. New York: Cengage Learning.

Jerry, W. & Martin, M. (2000). Let’s Review: Global history and geography. London: Barron’s Educational Series.

Morag, B. (2005). Geography and Imperialism 1820-1940. Manchester, Manchester University Press.

Phillips, R., & Jones, R. (2005). Unsettling Geographical Horizons: Exploring Premodern and Non-European Imperialism. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 84(6), 182-190.

Polian, P. M. (2004). Against their Will: History and geography of colonization. Moscow: Central European University Press.

Short, J. R. (2003). The World through Maps: A history of cartography. Detroit: Firefly Books.

Talbert, A. & Richard, L. (2009). Geography and Ethnography: Perceptions of the world in pre-modern societies. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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preview essay on World Geography
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Geography
  • Level: Ph.D.
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