It is therefore noteworthy to investigate the theories of the philosophers in exploring the science in social science.Social scientists often make use of an eclectic or multiple methodologies, such as the combining of quantitative and qualitative techniques, although the term social research also can encompass a wide umbrella of techniques in and of itself (Kuper and Kuper, 1996).Parsons (1938) affirms that no science develops in a vacuum either socially or intellectually. The scientific content of any given intellectual tradition can be noted as always being closely interwoven with the elements of a different character. In this regard, although the scientific method has developed from and utilizes the use of a practical and experimental approach, theory is noted to still be required in this method as it equips it with a number of benefits. The first of these benefits is that in the vast welter of miscellaneous facts that are present in social science research, theory often provides researchers with selective criteria as to the aspects that can safely be neglected in the research. Parsons (1938) also points out that another benefit of theory as applied to social science research is that it provides a solid basis that can be used not only for the organization and selection of known facts, but also it does this in a manner that helps to reveal the gaps that are present in our existing knowledge and their overall importance. Although social science does have a number of competing theories, the application of these theories to social science can be identified as constituting a critically important guide that helps to point out the direction as to fruitful scientific research.Through the use of numerous logical implications of different analytical systems for each other, theory in social science research is noted to provide a potent source of cross fertilization of different related fields of utmost importance. This often leads to very important developments within a scientific field that would not have taken place if the field had remained in a stage whereby it was theoretically isolated.Other than theory, philosophy is also noted to play a central role in social science research. This is because the philosophical study of social research has been credited with being an important dimension of social science that has the advantage of being able to critically analyze the various problems seen to be inherent
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