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Why was the 14th century so disastrous

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Northern Europe lost much of its wheat and the highlands of Europe produced greatly reduced crops. The feudal system was under different forms of attacks. The famine had destabilized the land-tenure system and led to the increased movement of the peasantry. Banks closed down and others collapsed. War begun to devastate France and impoverish England, while the civil war was tearing Italy apart. The population had remained steady as the food decreased, hence leading to the classical Malthusian crisis in Europe. Europe was poor and needed a dramatic solution which would reduce the population. Human demography was greatly influenced not only by the climate change and famine, but also by the cause of decline in the population. Many historians explained that the famine may have led to the chronic malnutrition, which contributed to the increased infant mortality, low birth rate, and increase in disease.There was a great wide spread famine and a large number deaths. Starvation, diseases, raids by English pirates, and conflicts with the natives were experienced. As a result of crops failing to grow, there was cannibalism. The disastrous disease known as the Black Death had spread across Europe and many people were affected. The little Ice age weakened Europe’s agriculture and made life hard, while the Bubonic plague brought life to a standstill. The Bubonic plague was in two forms. The first was spread through contact and infected the bloodstream causing internal bleeding and buboes, while the second one was spread through the air and infected the lungs (LaFreniere 109). The presence of the two forms of plagues caused high mortality and contagion. The plagues were so lethal that when a person went to bed, he or she would die before waking up. For a long time, the plagues led to numerous deaths.The Black Death was the most devastating pandemic that ever occurred in human history. It killed approximately 75 to 200 million people (Prothero 300). There several believes that have originated about the black death, that it originated from central Asia and it was carried by an oriental rat flea, which was living on black rats that lived in merchants ships. The Black Death spread through Europe and killed about half of Europe’s total population. The plague reached Europe in 1347 (University of Wisconsin, uwgb. The Black Death caused religious, social and economic consequences in Europe. The Mongols
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