Plastic bags are not biodegradable, which means they stay in the environment for hundreds of years till they decompose. Before that time, they end up in landfills, bodies of water and even float in the air. During the years that plastic bags decompose, they release a great number of various toxins into the air, soil, rivers, lakes, and oceans. The statistical data on the production and use of plastic bags staggers: each year, about a trillion of plastic bags is produced in the world, and only 0.5 to 3 of them is recycled in a proper way In reality, plastic bags are all pervasive in the environment.
It is of no doubt that almost everybody knows about the so-called Great Pacific Garbage Patch, or Pacific Trash Vortex, which is a collection of marine debris that is comprised mostly of suspended plastics and plastic bags in particular. According to the United Nations, each square mile of the ocean contains more than 45,000 pieces of plastic bags (especially when they find their way to the sea) are extremely dangerous for health of wildlife, which suffers a lot from pollution.
Very often, animals mistaken plastic bags for food, especially when these plastic bags are of bright colors, carry leftovers or move in the water attracting attention. When animals eat these bags, they are unable to digest food and are condemned to die of infections or starvation. Among such marine animals are sea turtles. Plastics bags, the most common garbage items on the coast of California, were found in stomachs of one in three leatherback sea turtles during the study of 400 autopsies (Beans).
In addition to this, many of animals, such as seals, birds, whales etc. also choke on plastic bags and die. Not only do the bags and toxins in plastic affect the wildlife, they resemble sponges for they absorb other toxins from the environment before they get to the ocean.
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