The industrial forces which are independent controls the global economy which creates inequality in power and resources by which the non industrialized countries becomes unable to progress and match to the global economy in spite of the investments by industrialized countries. Tis is the main argument of dependency theory for the global development (Munck & Ohearn, 1999). Mdernization theory is a development theory which explicates the process by which the industrialized countries become developed. I aims to describe the process of modernization by which societies became developed and industrialized.
emphasizes on advancements in technology and industrialization in order to actualize the development in society. I also incorporates many political and social changes in a society to become a developed society. Oe of the social changes is the emphasis on the advancement in the institution of education. I actually describes the process by which the industrialized North American societies and the industrialized societies of Western Europe were developed. I proposes that if a developing country adopts this process of modernization, b which the developed countries were modernized, oly then developing country can be converted into a developed and industrialized society (Munck & Ohearn, 1999).
Te impasse in the development theory is largely contributed to the Marxist influence on development sociology. T understand the impasse of development theory, i is important to neutrally attain the core understanding of each theory including dependency theory and Marxist influence on development theory (Booth, 1985). Te time period of 1970s and 80s were significantly influenced by Marxist theory and Neo Marxism regarding the development theory. Krl Marx criticized capitalism and pronounced it as economic system of inequality.
I contrast to capitalism, Mrx presented the idea of socialism which theoretically seems to be a system with equal distribution of power and resources. Tis ideology proposed by Marx influenced many scopes of sociology and political science including development theory. No Marxism is the post Marxist ideology which contains a significant impact of Marxism. No Marxism has multiple theories proposed by several theorists, wich are amendments or extensions of Marxist ideology. Mrxism and Neo Marxism had an immense influence on the studies of development theory which the most prominent theory based on Neo Marxism is the...
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