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What is the Turing Test, and why is it so difficult to pass Essay Example

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What is the Turing Test, and why is it so difficult to pass

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Turing’s paper has been a frontrunner in all publications and research material on Artificial Intelligence, and has been cited in innumerable publications since the moment of its inception.The Turing Test was suggested by Alan M. Turing while he was employed at the Computing Laboratory in Manchester University (“The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook”). Turing put forth the idea that machines could be devised to think and be capable of “rivaling human intelligence”.The original question, "Can machines think?" I believe to be too meaningless to deserve discussion. Nevertheless I believe that at the end of the century the use of words and general educated opinion will have altered so much that one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted (p.This idea was revolutionary and contrary to the popular notions and beliefs of his time (“The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook”). Turing suggested an imitation game that could be used to test whether a computer is as intelligent as a human being. The directions of the game are as follows:A human and a machine, labeled ‘X’ and ‘Y’ are placed in separate rooms. Another human, who is the judge/interrogator/observer, is placed in another room and is unaware of who is in which room. He only knows the human and the machine by the labels, ‘X’ and ‘Y’. The judge/interrogator will have to find out who is the human and who is the machine based on the responses he gets from both, the human and the machine. The machine will try to make the judge conclude that the other human is the machine. The human will try to help the judge in identifying the machine (Turing, 1950).In simple words, a computer and a human should be placed in two separate rooms and should communicate through textual messages with a third human, who is the judge or the observer. The judge would interrogate both, the human and the machine. The judge will then decide who is in which room. If the judge fails to make the right judgment and fails to distinguish between the human and the machine, the machine is said to be successful and will have

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French, R.M., 2000. The Turing Test: The First Fifty Years. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4(3), p.115-121. Available at: http://leadserv.u-bourgogne.fr/files/publications/000279-the-turing-test-the-first-50-years.pdf

Oppy, G. and Dowe, D., 2011. The Turing Test.  The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2011 Edition). Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2011/entries/turing-test/

Shieber, S., 2004. The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence, The MIT Press. Available at: http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu/J/J05/J05-3006.pdf

Stoica, Cristi (2008) Turing test, easy to pass; human mind, hard to understand. [Preprint] http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/4345/1/TuringTest.pdf

“The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook”, n.d. turing.org.uk. Available at: http://www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/test.html

Turing, A.M., 1950. Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Mind, 59(236), p.433-460. Available at: http://www.cs.umbc.edu/courses/471/papers/turing.pdf

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