Turing’s paper has been a frontrunner in all publications and research material on Artificial Intelligence, and has been cited in innumerable publications since the moment of its inception. Te Turing Test was suggested by Alan M. Turing while he was employed at the Computing Laboratory in University (“The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook”).
Turing put forth the idea that machines could be devised to think and be capable of “rivaling human intelligence”. Te original question, "Can machines think? " I believe to be too meaningless to deserve discussion. Nevertheless I believe that at the of the century the use of words and general educated opinion will have altered so much that one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted (p.
Tis idea was revolutionary and contrary to the popular notions and beliefs of his time (“The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook”).
Turing suggested an imitation game that could be used to test whether a computer is as intelligent as a human being. The directions of the game are as follows: A human and a machine, labeled ‘X’ and ‘Y’ are placed separate rooms.
Another human, who is the judge/interrogator/observer, is placed in another room and is unaware of who is in which room. He only knows the human and the machine by the labels, ‘X’ and ‘Y’. The judge/interrogator will have to find out who is the human who the machine based on the responses he gets from both, the human and the machine.
The machine will try to make the judge conclude that the other human is the machine. The human will try to help the judge in identifying the machine (Turing, I simple a computer and a human should be placed in two separate rooms and should communicate through textual messages with a third human, who is the judge or the observer.
The judge would interrogate both, the human and the machine. The judge will then decide who is in which room.
If the judge fails to make the right judgment and fails to distinguish between the human and the machine, the machine is said to be successful and will have. ..
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