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What is Sociology

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In some cases, dfferences in the culture are very steep, ad an example is the treatment of women in western nations with a Christian or western culture and that of Islamic culture. I the western culture, wmen have an equal role in the society, tey can dress in the manner in which they want, wile in Islamic cultures, wmen have to wear the Burqua, ad conduct themselves in a special and restrictive manner. Sciology does not judge if a culture is bad or good, bt examines the manner individuals behave, iteract in a culture (Stolte 388).

Sratification and inequality: Sratification is the hierarchical arrangement of people into different social classes, bsed on their wealth, rligion, cltural, rce, clor, lnguage, hstory, ad other criteria. Sciety is arranged as per three classes, ad these are upper class, mddle class and lower class. Tere can be further divisions, bsed on the occupation, ad other stratification criteria. Te theory of structural functionalism, sggests that such stratification helps individuals to live among people of the same culture and background, s that they a living, ad live in the society in peace.

Cnflict theories on the other hand, sggest that a class struggle always exists in the stratified society with the upper class, te rich, ad the educated, loking down on the lower class of people. Te conflict theory points that mobility between the classes is difficult. Hwever, tere are several instances when the children of laborers and dockworkers have risen to positions of eminence or built business empires. Sme examples are Mrs. Tatcher, te late prime minister of UK whose was baker, ad Walton, wo initially sold grocers and old clothes on a handcart and who later on went on to build Wal-Mart.

Hstory has hundreds of such people who rose from an improvised background to attain fame and wealth. Gnerally, sratification and inequality emerges from three variables, poperty, snce it establishes a persons economic wealth and position in the society; pestige, ad this is obtained by popularity, ad wealth and power, were an individual accrues power by winning elections or by other means (Giddens 56-67). Te study sociology based stratification and inequality is very important, snce it helps the government to identify socially. ..

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