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What is a social mobility and why isn't there more of it Essay Example

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What is a social mobility and why isn't there more of it

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Weber declares that a social class is the largest component, if not the only component in the totality of class situations in which individual and generational mobility is found (Gane 2005, p. As such, his definition of power in social classes has nothing to do with economic wellbeing as found in the Marxist theory, but rather dwells on the political and cultural power. Therefore, for him the basis of social classes relies heavily on the interests of the said classes rather than what they can or cannot do because the interests of the social classes define the existence of a market.On the other hand, Karl Max, the founder of Marxism, is of a different school of thought with his philosophy based on economic doctrine and social revolution. As such, the economic theory is based on a well-defined system, which is structured as a logical array revolving around the notions of value and surplus value (Milios, Dimoulis and Economakis 2002, p. The theory is deeply embedded in the theory of class struggles, which is crucial to his definition of social classes, where he rejects all forms of traditional, theoretical and philosophical humanism. The humanism rejected in the above case refers to a belief that individual human nature is the main determinant of form and evolution patterns of societies. In addition to Karl’s theory of class struggle between the different social classes, Karl is of the opinion that certain societies have class relations that do not belong to the same form of class power, as they constitute of different class systems. As such, the class system follows the earlier mentioned system of social power where there are the leaders with social power and the dominated. However, the two groups are further stratified based on their materialism and historical background. It should, however, be noted that this has nothing to do with the culture in spite of the use of historical backgrounds in discerning social classes. This is especially so for the capitalist system, which is permanent and bases its notions on production and political power.Nevertheless, different classes in the society depict the level of social mobility in play and illustrate various levels of mobility ranging from high to stagnant. In an open class society, there is significant mobility owing to the presence of a favourable environment while a closed class society shows little mobility. Such is attributable to

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preview essay on What is a social mobility and why isn't there more of it
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Sociology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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