In fact this accusation doesn’t literally mean that Socrates came to young people telling them that the gods they know didn’t exist, a it wouldn’t be philosophically at all and also it wouldn’t be in Socrates’ style to say so. Wat he did was that he asked young people whether they knew the fundamentals of their beliefs making them think by themselves. Tis sow the seeds of doubt in their minds and young people became more independent and rebellious. Scrates used philosophy to show to people that they had strive to knowledge of fundamentals and definitions in order to understand the essence of the life.
Te problem Socrates discusses in the dialogue “The Euthyphro” is totally philosophical (in particular, ehical) because it explains the possible delusions and misconceptions people have and moreover believe in. Bt it doesn’t mean that Socrates was an atheist and believed in nothing because he had doubts about everything. Hs aim was to show that when religion faces philosophy it causes certain misunderstandings, a faith shouldn’t be blind but must be based on knowledge realization of its basics.
Aother aspect of philosophy is described in the dialogue “The Crito” which tells how Socrates and his friend Crito discuss the possibility for Socrates to escape from prison in order to avoid death. Troughout the dialogue the heroes talk about moral and immoral and legal and illegal actions. Te main point of the dialogue is not to give definition to what is good and bad but to show the Socrates’ situation as example of morality in action. Te main conflict here is between philosophy and a it is authorities and the polis which accused Socrates without adequate reasons.
Tus Crito expresses his disagreement with the decision made by polis authorities and says that Socrates shouldn’t die for the false accusations (Plato, Cito 45e). Even though Socrates knows that he is accused for no reasons he proves to Crito that escape is worse than taking the punishment. Wthin the scopes of this situation they talk about what is fair and what is unfair and Socrates gives argumentative answers. Te point is that if he to live in the particular state, h agrees to live according to its rules and obey its law (50b).
S if people agree to live according to a state’s rules...
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