Even in the ancient periods, wter was the most cost effective means of transport for moving goods in bulk. Tis has resulted into the necessity to examine water transport, uderwater archeology (Muckelroy 10). Tpically, uderwater archeology costs a great deal more than the traditional excavation on land. Tis is because of the ease of excavation and access of unique remains not available on land. Uderwater archeology also has a scientific study base on past human life, cltures and behaviors, a well as their activities on, i, aound and sa and rivers.
Tis is usually affected by means of physical remains found around, i, o under fresh or salty water buried beneath sediments logged under water (Biers 200). Taditional excavation on land cannot provide information on submerged aircraft and submerged WWII sites that underwater archeology studies in form of underwater aviation archeology as a bona fide activity. I addition, alot of information can be found on shipwrecks, lcal seismic events, canges in sea level, ad earthquakes in underwater archeology, wich cannot be provided by the traditional excavation on archeology also offers information on widespread climatic changes and some human occupation sites that were on dry land at some point and are now submerged.
Mre information can also be accessed through underwater archeology on ice age, athropological materials, ad remains of animals like mammoths, wich are recovered often by trawlers. Sch information cannot be provided by the traditional excavation on land. Hman societies previously made use of water and the remains of the structures that such human societies built under waters may be in existence up to ad underwater archeology is necessary to provide information on such structures as the harbors, bidges, ad foundations of crannogs (Delgado 27).
Taditional excavation on land is an archeology practiced on land. Terefore it cannot provide information on submerged sites or places where people once lived and have been subsequently covered, de to rising sea level, b water, cnotes, wlls, wecks. Tese are only covered by underwater archeology. Iformation on debris and refuse sites, rmains of structures that are created in water like harbors, bidges, o crannogs, oher port structures and where. ..
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