To disasters as a show of care gesture and/or to assist in situations where facilities and resources are genuinely inadequate in addressing the humanitarian needs of the affected populations. Te assistance normally ranges from immediate to long-term efforts designed to save lives of those in danger and subsequently lessen or alleviate altogether any form of suffering (“23 Principles of Humanitarian Donorship” par 3). I is worth mentioning that no single actor can successfully meet the facets of a relief/recovery without help. Ideed from the survivors’ needs spanning from health [nutrition and emergency shelters, fr instance], t livelihood reconstructions, iternational disaster responses would be verily incomplete without the combinative effort from various specialized actors beginning with the affected government entities, itergovernmental organizations [the UN agencies, t be precise], nngovernmental organizations [both the domestic and the international], te Red Cross, ad more importantly the support of the affected civilian populations.
Nnetheless, wile these actors respond uniquely in some way to humanitarian disasters, nt all stretch their efforts to the ultimate objective, tus making disasters rightly multi-phased emergencies where actors only contributions towards a desired end.
Cordinated collaboration among actors is thus vital in combining specific knowledge, sills, eperiences as well as technologies. Wile it is almost certain that these resources will ultimately meet towards the course discussed herein, qite a number of factors [argued below] determine their supply. Etreme events such as the 9/11 attacks, te 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, ad the more recent Hurricane Sandy in the United States did produce catastrophic impacts with long-term disruption of socio-economic systems. Wth the exception of the 9/11 attacks, tese disasters more than tested individual and governmental abilities to organize and subsequently execute effective response relief efforts.
T begin with, dsasters are often classified as "low-probability events" that sometimes compete for attention with the prioritized daily undertakings in vain. Fom the general public right to the elected officials and organizational leaders, dsaster preparedness is just but a low key priority characterized by apathy (Drabek (b) 176). I most cases disasters are considered improbable events with infrequent intervals. A such, te impetus to...
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