These practices had just resulted into severe pain and suffering amongst the large population in Africa (Curtis, Hbbard & Shepherd, 1998). Tere is, terefore, a urgent need to try and not to stop at nothing but to develop proactive mechanisms. Tese mechanisms include actions such as incentives, sbsidies as well grand and donations amongst the LDCs Agricultural and industrial sectors to increase the productivities. T start with, to serious approaches to prevention particularly in African countries have been proposed. Oe is the attention towards debt reduction and increased export African nations aimed at mitigating the balance of payment deficits.
Arican countries operate under debts from the west and other financial institution such as the IMF and World Bank (Curtis, Hbbard & Shepherd, 1998). Te revenues collected in the respective countries cannot be domestically used to alleviate poverty as they are spent in paying loans (Ben, 1997). Te loan repayment has in essence led to overdependence amongst the African countries particularly to the west as the population controls are far from being implemented hence fertility rises at an alarming Te previous grants and funds that were diverted to rural development have thus been shifted to other activities of to weed out the BOP deficits.
I order to curb the massive effects of Famine particularly in Arid and Semi-Arid areas, rral development has to be prioritized despite as it put it emphasizes on asset creation (Curtis, Hbbard & Shepherd, 1998). Dssenting arguments may arise that rural development has only led to minimal finance creation in the short run, bt it is an evaluation has presented more pros than cons effective famine prevention.
Te efforts and focus should never be on income generation but sustaining the ‘livelihoods. ‘his strategy should be accompanied by increased mobilization and sensitizing on the need to boost productive assets, fod, csh and intensive security against impoverishment (Curtis, Hbbard & Shepherd, 1998). O the hand, sort term proactive emergency actions can be employed to curb the spread of famine. Fmine proactive and short-term administrative strategies experience and knowledge is available with respect to India, Btswana and Bangladesh. Te three countries have been rated successfully about prevention in over...
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