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What effects does parental involvement have on low income families or Does parental involement have an effect on educational achievement Essay Example

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What effects does parental involvement have on low income families or Does parental involement have an effect on educational achievement

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Effects overall academic achievement.(El Nokali, Bachman & Votruba-Drzal, 2010) There is a definite correlation between less “bad” classroom behavior due to parental involvement and can aid in social development, but not directly on academic achievement. This article is a very interesting source. It is useful in that it approaches the correlation between parental involvement and academic achievement with a skeptical eye. Parental involvement is important and should be recommended, but it may not be a guarantor that it will ensure a higher academic progression. In fact, their study showed that in elementary school children reading scores can actually decrease with reported parental involvement. They find that academic achievement is obtained more commonly because of classroom quality. However, they encourage further research into the specifics of parental involvement, or lack thereof, in their children’s lives. This resource is quite valuable and helps balance the research for the topic.This article looks at factors, including parental involvement, that positively or negatively, effects a child’s social development, school behavior, and academic achievements. The research, focused on Canadian school children, determined that it is their conclusion that it is poverty that has immense impacts on children’s development and education. Low-income families struggle financially, these parent’s often work long hours, which limits the amount of parental involvement that might otherwise occur. Children of low-income families, also often face issues in their social development because they are sometimes teased, bullied, or ostracized among their peer groups. They, also, point out that low-income children can have a hard time obtaining ideal education. However, the focus of the article was, ultimately, finding solutions to the problems caused by poverty in young students. They propose early intervention as the ideal approach, but, also, suggest that schools, communities, an government agencies can resolve the issues if they work in unison to do so.(Ferguson, Bovaird & Mueller, 2007)This article attempts to resolve several issues concerning the underutilization of parental involvement. The authors attribute the low parental involvement percentages, including disinterested parents, lack of school encouragement, lack of teacher support, an absence of education, and the necessity of parental involvement in schools.(Gonzalez-DeHas & Willems,

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El Nokali, N. E., Bachman, H. J., & Votruba-Drzal, E. (2010). Parent involvement and

childrens academic and social development in elementary school. Child

Development, 81(3), 988-1005. Retrieved from


Ferguson, H. B., Bovaird, S., & Mueller, M. P. (2007). The impact of poverty on

educational outcomes for children. Pediatrics and Child Health, 12(8), 701-706.

Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2528798/

Gonzalez-DeHas, A. R., & Willems, P. P. (2003). Examining the underutilization of

parent involvement in the schools. School Community Journal, 85-100. Retrieved

from http://www.adi.org/journal/ss03/Gonzalez-DeHass%20&%20Willems.pdf

Graves Smith, J. (2006). Parental involvement in education among low- income

families: A case study. The School Community Journal, 16(1), 43-60. Retrieved

from http://www.adi.org/journal/ss06/SmithSpring2006.pdf

Hong, S., & Ho, H. (2005). Direct and indirect longitudinal effects of parental

involvement on student achievement: Second-order latent growth modeling

across ethnic group. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97(1), 32-42. Retrieved



Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., & Sandler, H. M. (1995). Parental involvement in childrens

education: Why does it make a difference?. Teachers College Record, 97(2),

311-330. Retrieved from http://www.vanderbilt.edu/peabody/family-school/papers/childrens_education.pdf

Lee, J., & Bowen, N. K. (2006). Parent involvement, cultural capital, and the

achievement gap among elementary school children. American Education

Research Journal, 43(2), 193-218. Retrieved from


Theodorou, E. (2007). Reading between the lines: exploring the assumptions and

implications of parental involvement . International Journal about Parents in

Education, 1, 90-96. Retrieved from


Topar, T. R., Keane, K. P., Shelton , T. L., & Calkin, S. D. (2010). Parent involvement

and student academic performance: A multiple mediational analysis. Journal of

Prevention & intervention in the Community, 38(3), 183-197. Retrieved from


Shute, V. J., Hansen, E. G., Underwood, J. S., & Razzouk, R. (2011). A review of the

relationship between parental involvement and secondary school students’

academic achievement. Education Research Institute, 1-10. Retrieved from


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