In addition to the requirement of writing in the correct language, there are a number of disciplinary styles that must be observed when writing depending upon the type of writing one is engaged with. “Each discipline has its own conventions of language use and style, and … these conventions must be taught if students are going to participate in successful academic discourse” (Writing, 2010). The kinds of information expected in a scientific report are much different from the kinds of information expected in a business report, for example. Hard science expects to see elements such as the abstract that provides a brief summary of the paper’s contents and findings, an introduction that informs the reader of the scientist’s motivations and expectations in conducting the research, a segment that describes the methods used in conducting the research, a description of the research as it was conducted, a presentation of the results and a discussion of what this research means and how it fits in with present knowledge (The Scientific Paper, 2001). “In the humanities, however, the purpose of writing is different. Humanities as a field of study deals with questions for which there are no definitive answers … . The Characteristic Features of Academic Writing.
Crystal, David. English as a Global Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
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Gocsik, Karen. “General Advice for Non-Majors.” Dartmouth Writing Program. Dartmouth College, 2005. April 13, 2010 <http://www.dartmouth.edu/~writing/materials/student/humanities/write.shtml>
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“Scientific Paper.” Guide to Writing in the Biological Sciences. George Mason University, 2010. April 13, 2010 <http://classweb.gmu.edu/biologyresources/writingguide/ScientificPaper.htm>
“Writing Across the Curriculum.” Teaching with Writing. University of Minnesota, 2010. April 13, 2010 <http://writing.umn.edu/tww/course_design/WAC_WID.html>
Zhong, Lan. Culture Root and Academic Writing. University of Windsor, 2006. April 13, 2010 <http://www.yorku.ca/yorkint/global/conference/canada/papers/Zhong-Lan.pdf>
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