An ancient Roman villa is the fairly recent excavations at the San Felice Villa, wich is located in the Basentello River Valley of Italy that separated the ancient vicus (Roman word for neighborhood) of Apulia from Lucania. Tis site is a rich archaeological dig in terms of the old architectural remains (buildings and houses), atefactual assemblage, ad environmental evidence within the site itself. Peliminary evidence suggests it was a part of a larger estate; i was important in fostering local and regional connections for the villa’s inhabitants. Hstorians agreed that coins were invented at around 700 B.
(efore current era) independently in Lydia (now a part of modern-day Turkey), i India, ad in China. Te Roman Empire which followed the defunct Roman Republic is known to make a wide use of coinage to impose its imperial rule in the areas under its control. Tis use of coinage was for various purposes such as to promote trade, cmmerce, idustry, ad as payment for the goods and commodities supplied to imperial Rome with items like salt, gains, fuits, cttle, Ecavations at the San Felice Villa indicated the area was quite prosperous at that time.
Tis ancient Roman villa at San Felice was actually a private imperial estate and had a profound cultural influence in the area as part of a larger regional urban and rural network. I existed from the first century BC up to the early third century AD and the surrounding areas of the villa were the most productive in terms of agricultural and industrial outputs and so coinage as a currency was really a part promoting the economic development of this area.
O a wider context, apresence of coins in an excavated villa signifies that Roman influence was firmly established. Rman coins facilitated trade in the many areas under Roman imperial control or rule; a trade is promoted, te economy of an area also improves and the result would be the social development of that area to a higher degree than would otherwise be possible. Te significance of Roman coins excavated in ancient villas point to this enduring Roman influence in social, ad cultural of the people who were brought under Roman subjugation.
Tis was how the Roman Empire expanded so swiftly in a vast geographic area because besides its use of superior military firepower, lgions, ad strategy, te ancient Romans knew it is better to solidify this influence on the many. ..
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