Subjecting young girls to such condition is a violation of the legal rights of children and it is real violence against women. Such acts cause women and girls grave psychological and physical harm (Salami, 52). Girls and women in this position are less likely to seek legal assistance because they often end up being frustrated by the legal system since the wealthy have means to dodge the legal consequences of their actions.Rape: This is the act of having sexual intercourse with someone against their will. Rape is a violent act that causes humiliation and physical harm to the victim. The usual victims are females because they are perceived to be less capable of defending themselves. Females ranging from as early as a few months to those in their old age past their nineties can fall victim to rape. Rapists are usually known to their victims and this makes minimizing of vulnerability of women difficulty since one can fall victim even to family members such as a father or a spouse. Rape cases are especially prevalent in times of war when it is used as a way of humiliating the enemy. The act of rape is not only damaging physically but it can also damage one’s status in the society. Victims may not look for people to get married to especially when the rape case is known to the members of the community. In India, for example, a girl who is the victim of rape is considered a disgrace to her family. Such a girl is either condemned to prostitution or married off to the rapist as the only way of saving her reputation (Feming, 2000).Female Genital Mutilation: Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is the cutting off of some parts o the female genitalia that is practiced as a rite passage (Mohammed, Ali and Yinger, 69). The Population Reference Bureau reports that FGM is practiced in twenty-eight countries in Africa and approximately twenty countries in the Middle East and Asian nations. FGM is performed on girls as in order to impose control over them (Mugenzi, 36). Women who have undergone FGM are denied the opportunity to fully enjoy sex and experience orgasms. Often the people who are entrusted with performing FGM are traditional doctors without any formal medical training. As such, FGM exposes women to health risks such as bleeding to death, and HIV. Women are also prone to long term effects such as cysts, urinary incontinence, and difficulties during childbirth, psychological and sexual
Salami, I .I. “The Girl-Child: Work and Health Hazards”. Journal of Women in Academics. 8.1 (2000): 44-56. Print.
“United Nations Population Fund.” Gender based Violence. Web. 23 April 2015. <http://www.unfpa.org/gender-based-violence>.
“USAID.” United States strategy to prevent and respond to gender-based violence globally. 21 January 2012. Web. 23 April 2015 <http://www.usaid.gov/gbv>.
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