The most common forms of violence against women are presented by a physical, sxual, ad emotional abuse by a husband or intimate partner. I addition, te violence is faced not only by young, bt also by mature women. I particular, a noted by Zink, Jcobson, Rgan, &Pabst (2004), oten “intimate partner violence (IPV) is a problem in older women, ”namely under 55. A noted earlier, volence against women has a very negative role for womens health. I this regard, oe can indicate the different types of violence against women, can lead not only to serious health problems but even to death.
Oe needs to point to rapes in war that are used as a weapon for the destruction of communities and as part of ethnic cleansing. Smilarly, sxual violence against women in refugee camps and centers for the displaced is a very serious problem. I addition, frced sexual debut and sexual abuse of children can be found all over the world. Cosscutting research has shown that 40% of women in South Africa, 28% of women in Tanzania, ad 7% women in New Zealand reported that their first sexual experience was sexual violence (Watts, &Zimmerman, 2002).
Ufortunately, sxual violence continues to be one of the most common forms of violence against women. I particular, areview of research in 20 countries has showed that the prevalence of sexual violence against girls is ranging from 7% to 36% (Finkelhor, 1994). Mst men-rapists knew the victim (Watts, &Zimmerman, 2002). Erly marriages without the consent of the girls can also be seen as a form of violence. Erly marriages are most often found sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
Oficial data on very early marriage (with children under 15 years) are limited, bt studies show that in East and West Africa, fr example, mrriages with seven-year girls can be often observed. Erly marriages restrict access to education and other opportunities for girls. I addition, tey often lead to early pregnancy and childbirth, wich are very risky in terms of health. Te list of the types of violence against women also includes cases where women are harmed because of traditional practices such as dowry aid throwing, ad murders for the sake of "family honor".
Fnally, a important role is played by trafficking in women and girls for forced labor and sexual exploitation. Tus, volence against women has...
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