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Competing Views of Humanity about a Utopia

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While the equal distribution of wealth to all members of society is punishing toward those who work harder, I believe that society does have an obligation toward the poor. The general wellbeing of a society may be increased by taxing the wealthy at the marginal level of wealth and giving it to those at the marginal levels of poverty. This is because the benefit a person gains from a certain amount of money, decreases as we go up the income level, similarly the harm one experiences from losing a amount of money decrease as we go up the income level, therefore taking from the rich and giving to the poor increases the overall happiness and wellbeing of the society (Olson 96) In an ideal society, decommodification of labor should be imposed to the extent that no one should need to work in order to be clothed, fed, given shelter and medical treatment.

There should be dormitories to house the homeless, feed them and allow them to bathe and wear clean clothes and learn new trades that would help get jobs, however these people should not get all the rights that the other citizens get till they are able to support themselves, they should not, for example, be allowed to start families and have children.

There are two competing tendencies among humans with regards to the physical area a government should encompass; there is the idea of empire building, having a one world government, a greater China, a united Christian or Muslim empire etc. and there is the insurrectionary tendency that demands complete sovereignty for each province, town, and village.

In order to balance these two tendencies, each regional enclave should be given limited autonomy; this autonomy can even be to the extent that each region has their own militia to put up a resistance in case of external attacks, however, the main purpose of the regional government should be to impose the policies of the center. In The Social Contract Rousseau terms as invalid, all orders that are imposed upon a people against their will (Rousseau 17).

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