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Effects of Job Control on Coping with Work Stressors Essay Example

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Effects of Job Control on Coping with Work Stressors

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Effects of Job Control on Coping with Work Stressors. This research tells that for a number of people, high job control actually leads to stress levels increasing rather than decreasing. The reason given is that the high difficulty level of the task at hand negatively impacts the self-efficacy of the individual. Such claims are further backed up by the research of authors such as Ohman and Bohlin who found high difficulty jobs coupled with high job control as inducing increased levels of stress. Fisher discovered in his studies that low levels of control in situations of a highly demanding job can be better in term of psychological health and stress levels for those with lower self-efficacy as this provide protection to their self-esteem. It is found through these recent researches that self-efficacy is a key factor that influences the linkage between job demand and job control which impacts blood pressure.

It was found that the demand control model stands valid for the individuals who have the high level of self-efficacy; the individuals were confident in their abilities and so high control made them capable of dealing with difficult tasks. For such people, low control would be detrimental to their health because uncontrollable situations would challenge their self-perception. The control demand model was not seen to hold though, for those with lower self-efficacy i.e. the individuals who are found not to be very confident in their capabilities and abilities. For them, a job that is highly demanding combined with greater control and hence responsibility and expectations would create immense anxiety and distress. Thus, such research shows us that it is critical not only to enhance the job control but also increase the employee’s self-efficacy in order to help deal with highly challenging work. There has a growing body of literature on ways in which employee’s self-efficacy can be increased. Effects of Job Control on Coping with Work Stressors.

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References

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Fisher, S. (1984). Stress and the perception of control. Hillsdale, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

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Karasek, R. A. (1979). Job demand, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24: 285-309.

Karasek, R. A & Theorell, T. (1990) Healthy work, Basic Books, New York

Lazarus, R. S &. Folkman, S. (1984) Stress, appraisal, and coping, Springer, New York

Litt, M. D. (1988) Cognitive mediators of stressful experience: self efficacy and perceived control. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 12(3): 241- 260

Ohman, A., &Bohlin, G. (1989) The role of controllability in cardiovascular activation and cardiovascular disease: help or hindrance? In A Steptoe & A Appels (Eds.), Stress, personal control and health: 257-276. Brussels: Wiley.

Schaubroeck, J & Merritt, D. E. (1997) Divergent Effects of Job Control on Coping with Work Stressors: The Key Role of Self-Efficacy. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 738-754. Published by: Academy of Management

Seligman, M. E. P. (1991) Learned optimism. New York. Knopf.

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