Kant examined and reflected upon the methodology of this process. H attempted with the notion of objective purposive-ness to link the idea of reproduction with the conservative question of teleology so as to validate the notion of organism adequate to the system of mechanistic science (Nash, 1999, pThe classical theory of pre-formation, aso called the doctrine of evolution was the deistic conjecture of generation par excellence. I the mechanistic hypotheses of the 17th century, te unique attributes exhibited by organism were perceived to be basic outcomes of the properties the parts.
Tis was the fundamental principle of the mechanical theory. Bt how did it come to be that organism had this organization? Oe of the basic dilemmas that the novel mechanistic science had to resolve was the manner in which different living organisms could have emerged from universal principles of matter in motion. Te pertinent question to be answered was not whether an animal or a plant was a machine. Rther, te issue was: pesuming that plants and animals are machines, hw did they get their structures? Te of the beings could be clarified through an anatomical dissection of their structures.
Hwever, te elementary theoretical question that had to be addressed dealt with the origin of this structure. I other words, oe of the major problems the pre-formation theory faced was explaining how the fundamental structures of various organisms could have emerged through the universal laws of matter in motion. I addition, i was generally assumed that the organization of the particles in the germ also mirrored the organization of the parts in the body. I effect, germ had a tiny copy of the entire body, smilar to a reflection in a curved mirror (Nash, 1999, p The basic question to be addressed was therefore: wat type of organization do germs have?
I what ways do the particles of matter in motion create such a complex structure? Hw does the creature manage to replicate its kind and always capable of producing other creatures of the same species? Te theory of pre-formation attempted to answer these questions. Acording to this theory, te structural forms of all organisms fabricated at the creation of the universe.
I other words, al organisms were pre-formed by the divine entity. I nutshell, te generation and heredity theory clarified the nature of this power of propagating the variety. I...
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