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US History 1865 to Present

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Accident in the construction site like any other workplace are caused by human factors such as lack of proper training, lack of proper equipment, inadequate supervision, carelessness as well as poor judgment. However all accidents are not cause by human factors considering that workers are exposed to harmful substances and agents such as silica dust, sewer, harmful gases, radiations, fumes, leads, ultraviolent radiations, strong vibration and noise (Norlizah , 2010).Safety and health hazards include hazards include falling, tripping, and, contact to harmful chemical and dust, poor righting, exposure high temperature, electrocution, fire and explosions, exposure to harmful radiation, falling from high level objects, as well as psychological stress. Strains and other injuries are caused by injuries, forceful movement, inappropriate postures and affect the performance of the workers.According to the four major causes of deaths in the year 2012 in construction are fall accounting for 36 percent, being struck by objects about 10 percent, electrocution 9 percent and fatalities that were caught between objects formed about 2 percent. the rest of deaths were caused by other hazards.Fall is the most common cause of deaths and injuries in a construction site. Accident by fall can occur in all areas of construction such as the building structures, exterior and interior work, ladders and stairs. According to OSHA, out of the 774 fatalities in construction site in United States of America in the year 2010 about 264 fatalities were caused by falling from a height n. This shows that about a third of total deaths in construction are caused by fall.Ergonomics is a science that deals with study posture and movement of body parts when performing specific tasks (Batson, 2012). It deals with designing the job, tools, equipment and working stations to fit the workers instead of the body of the worker adjusting to fit into the assigned job. The body posture and movement is influenced by environmental factors such as space, control of equipment and manual tools, the amount of load and the capabilities as well as judgmental of the involved worker. Most of the workers in construction industry are involved labor intensive work for a long period of time. Therefore they are exposed to greater
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preview essay on US History 1865 to Present
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: History
  • Level: Ph.D.
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