At the centre of these problems are primary and secondary sources. Primary source is defined as physical object or document which was created or written during the period under study, and they include written texts, artefacts, and pictures (Cobbs and Gjerde xxii). Secondary source refers to historians’ written works derived mostly from primary sources; primary sources include magazines, essays, academic journals, books, and other written works by persons who did not experience the events (Cobbs and Gjerde xxiii). It is noteworthy that all historical arguments are equally valuable as long as the arguments can be justified with credible and objective evidences. However, not all historical opinions are valid. This proposition is informed by the fact that validity of some sources is questionable; they do not represent the historical period under study, and some are biased and subjective. The validity of an opinion is judged based on verifiable facts; that is, opinions presented should be factual, objective, and supported by credible and sufficient evidences.Historically, arrival of different groups of people in a given region has often had great impacts, both positive and negative. Arrival of Europeans in large numbers to North America into seventeenth century was no different. The lives of Native Americans of North America changed dramatically in the seventeenth century with the arrival of Europeans. Contact between Europeans and Natives of North America resulted to diseases, cultural exchange, slavery, trade, and war (Cobbs and Gjerde 1). The arrival of Europeans led to rise of epidemic diseases in the North America; European lifestyle was such that there were contacts between domesticated animals and human beings. Migration to North America introduced novel germs of diseases such as typhus, measles, smallpox, diphtheria, and influenza to the indigenous North America people resulting to death of large numbers of indigenous people (Boyer et al 14). Additionally, the contacts between them led to cultural exchanges. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, most of Natives had matrilineal cultures where they occupied lands that were communally used. In the contrary many Europeans were patriarchal had entrenched the culture of private property ownership especially in regard to land. Generally, they exchanged the following
Boyer, et al. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People to 1877 Vol. 1: Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.
Cobbs Hoffman, Elizabeth and Jon Gjerde. Major Problems in American History to 1877 Vol. 1. Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin, 2012. Print.
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