This process does not flow smoothly, but evokes several pitfalls. Those pitfalls accompany urbanization of Japan’s capital and may turn into some serious problems. To sort them out, the peculiarities of Tokyo as a megacity should be considered at first. It is in many prospects different from other world biggest cities. To begin with, it is one of the global cities which is governed by a metropolitan government (Vogel). Most of Japan’s economy, business, finance and industry are situated in its capital. It is in fact a decentralized metropolis. Despite its size, Tokyo is not the most densely populated city in the world. Actually, it is less dense than London, Hong Kong or Dhaka. Wendell Cox ties this to two reasons. The first one is popularity of detached housing in Tokyo suburbs, which contributes to lower density of the city. The second reason is that Tokyo is evenly populated, without any preferences to one particular district. Unlike New York, this city does not have dense central areas, like Manhattan (Cox 2012). Tokyo region includes Yokohama, Kawasaki, Saitama, Chiba and Kanagawa. Actually, it is hard to define Tokyo region accurately, as many possible variations can be named. These areas have the biggest population, comparing with the suburbs of New York or Paris.It is also interesting that urbanization in Tokyo is not accompanied with Japan national population growth. In other words, overall population of the country even decreases while Tokyo accepts millions of citizens. This is called centralization, when rural inhabitants move to huge metropolitan megacities. When this happens, cities. Urbanization in Tokyo.
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