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Unit 38 and Unit 26

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A company’s information system can be enhanced either by feeding sufficient data into the system or by finding innovative ways to use the information system. Tis paper explores how organizations use and manage business information with special mention of PepsiCo, te organization I work with. Acurate and up-to-date information is a vital requirement for an organization so that proper actions can be taken and effective strategies can be designed for the purpose of fulfillment of business objectives. Sch decisions can be taken by all individuals irrespective of their the organizational hierarchy since each individual is responsible for some aspect of the organization.

Dpending on the nature of organizational activities, dcision making responsibility can vary from person to person. Mreover, sme people need to focus more on making decisions while there are others who remain busy in proper implementation of the decisions. Hwever, fr all the people information is critical both for making and implementing decisions. Iformation is also needed so that the decisions made at managerial level can be conveyed to the executive members for implementation of Iformation is also needed to monitor the results of the decisions.

I order to obtain information, i is necessary to process the data which is defined as “facts or information to be used as a basis of discussing or deciding something” (“Role of Information in Organizations”). Tere is a structural difference between data and information. Snce data are collected as a result of observation, terefore they are not always accurate. Tis means that data cannot be considered as irrefutable facts. Iformation can be derived once the data are processed.

are three steps of processing data – 1) making the data free from all kinds of errors so that they become more reliable than they were in their raw form, 2 analyzing the data to make it useful for the decision makers, ad 3) arranging the data so that they become easy to read and easy to understand. Rw data is transformed into vital information through many distinct steps. Frst, te data need to be acquired. Fr instance, tere are many sources for collecting information related to PpsiCo being soft drink company usually targets the children and the youth.

Te company uses many. ..

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