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Todays Court Systems Essay Example

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Todays Court Systems

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Some of the children are as young as 14 years old though, in most states, the upper age of the juvenile court jurisdiction in delinquency matters is 17 (Peak, 2010).The adult criminal court system are almost similar to the juvenile courts though they are vital differences such as some juveniles are referred to juvenile courts by school officials, parents, or even social service agencies while others are referred by a law enforcement officers. The referrals are made because of the conditions or behavior that the juveniles have that is required correction by the formal system for social control. Thereafter a decision is made to either to send the matter further into the justice system or to divert the case out of the system, often to alternative programs (Peak, 2010). Some of the alternative programs include recreational programs, individual or group counseling and drug treatment. Once the juveniles are referred to the courts, the prosecuting attorney or the juvenile courts intake department determines if there are existing sufficient grounds that warrant the filing of a petition that requests an adjudicatory hearing or a request to transfer jurisdiction to criminal court (Peak, 2010). It is at this point that the juveniles are either released or referred to the alternative programs.A mandatory sentence is a court decision setting where the power of the judiciary to make some legal decisions according to their discretion is restricted by the law. Mandatory sentencing laws vary from country to country; it is mainly an area of interest only in Common Law jurisdictions, since Civil Law jurisdictions usually prescribe minimum and maximum sentences for every crime in explicit laws (Peak, 2010). Since the role of the jury is limited to the determination of the guilt or innocence of the accused, the federal juries of the United States are usually not allowed to be educated of the mandatory minimum penalties that may apply if the accused is convicted. According to Peak, sometimes defense attorneys have found ways to impart this information to juries; for instance, it is sometimes possible, on cross-examination of an informant who faced similar charges, to ask how much time he was facing. It is sometimes deemed permissible because it is a means of accusing the witness (Peak, 2010).Capital punishment or the death penalty is a legal process whereby a person is put to death by the

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