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Theories of Justice Essay Example

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Theories of Justice

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Theories of Justice. Utilitarianism is the main pillar that lawmakers observe while making laws, putting human happiness ahead of preexisting forces (Mill & Heydt 2011).John Rawls, have suggested the second theory of justice in his 1971 theory of justice, he anchors his argument on the competing interests of freedom and justice. This theory is founded on two key principles, notably the guarantee of each person right to have extensive space for basic liberty that is compatible and similar to those of others. It is an important guiding element of justice, in his works he continue to explore how basic liberty and uniformity of society would be a recipe for justice (Rawls 1971). Hence, he draws his justification of a just society as a society whose basic freedom t personal self-fulfillment is not limited by societal bureaucracies.

Secondly, he anchors his theory on principle of presenting the economic and social position in a manner that put every person in an equal and advantageous position. In addition, he notes that any societal opportunities to pursue economic and social progress should be open to all. In essence, the theorists are driven by social justice principles that inform his choice of theoretical premises. He notes that every person I a given society should be put within original position, in his theory original position puts every person in an equal position. This is a fair and just society.However, his theory fails to show how such principles would be adopted in a universal manner. In essence, the theory assumption that all persons should be neutral to social and economic position negate the fundamental principle of the natural existence of different ranks within society that comes with numerous advantages in the acquisition of social and economic resources. The theory observes that a just society is a composition of equal players, in reality this does not hold because of definite difference between the subjects and the ruling class, the assumption makes theory too impractical anywhere in the modern world.Paul & Nozick (1981) theorized that justice could be attained within the existence of legitimate state that enforces justice rather than creating equal power as explained by Rawls theory of justice. While differing with Rawls theory of creating justice society through equal distribution of resources, he observes that there is possibility of existence of justice even with skewed holdings, as he refers resources. In his theory, he observes that justice. Theories of Justice.

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Papaioannou, T. 2010. Robert Nozick’s Moral and Political Theory: A Philosophical Critique of Libertarianism. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

Paul, J., & Nozick, R. 1981. Reading Nozick: Essays on Anarchy, state, and Utopia. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield.

Rawls, J. 1971. A theory of justice. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

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