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Theories of crime paper for criminal justice class

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This theory suggest that certain biological factors such as low serotonin activity, neurological deficit, malnutrition, some genes and environmental pollutants may induce an individual to commit a crime.Based on the five pillars through which an individual may be induced to criminal behavior biologically, genetic influence has been the most discussed. In this regard, it is argued that crime can be hereditary, meaning that it can be transferred from a mother to a child or from father to a child in case one of the parents has been a criminal before. This is because the child may get the genetic code from the parents thereby making them to inherit the criminal personality (Marsh, 2006).This theory of crime has been widely explained using depression and schizophrenia disorders. In this regard, psychologists claim that only those who have biological concerns in their minds that normally suffer from schizophrenia and depression. This has been proven in many individuals suffering from these disorders who have stated that they have had biological issues before experiencing the problems. Research has also proved that people suffering from depression and schizophrenia can easily be treated using drugs, which puts cells of the brain in the right order (Cunningham, 2006).The most common assumption of the biological theory of crime is that an individual’s physical attributes can make one become a criminal. As earlier stated, this assumption holds that the physical attributed can be hereditary transferred from a parent to a child. Therefore, a parent who has criminal personality will easily transfer the criminal personality to the child thereby making the child become more at risk of developing criminal behaviors. It is worth pointing out that this is the most common assumption used in explaining the criminal behaviors of an individual under this school of thought (Akers and Seller, 2008).Psychological theory of crime is based on several perspectives as regards causes of crime. The most fundamental of this theory is that which examines the correlation between crime, social factors, and individual personality, developmental and cognitive factors, which are also the basic assumptions of the theory. According to the psychological theory of crime, criminal behavior is a consequence of individual factors such as inadequate socialization and
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