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A Short History of Switzerland Essay Example

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A Short History of Switzerland

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A Short History of Switzerland. As for its climate,“Switzerland is located in a transition zone. In the west, there is a strong influence of the Atlantic Ocean. Winds bring a lot of moisture into Switzerland and cause rainfall. In the east, there is an almost continental climate, with lower temperatures and less precipitation. On the other hand, the alps - which run from east to west - act as a climatic divide. South of the alps, there is an almost Mediterranean climate, with significantly higher temperatures but also a lot of precipitation.Given its liberal banking norms, the country’s banks attract money from all parts of the world. The nation is also fast becoming a financial hub for global corporate events such as the World Economic Forum.

The Swiss economy is also dependent on its trade with EU nations. As much as eighty percent of its exports are within this region and ninety percent of its imports were also from the EU region. The ethnic composition of Switzerland is very diverse. Of its total citizenry, 74 percent are of German origin, 20 percent are of French ancestry, and the rest belong Italian, Romansh and other ethnicities. Consequently, German is the predominant language, while French is also widely spoken. Most of the population is affiliated to Christianity, with both Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations finding equal representation (Offler, et.Switzerland has one of the most advanced public healthcare systems in the world. The system is regulated by the Federal Health Insurance Act, enacted in 1994. All citizens of Switzerland are required to have health insurance coverage, which covers the costs incurred for surgeries, physician consultations, hospitalization charges, pharmacy expenses, etc. The insured individual contributes a reasonable percentage of the total cost of healthcare, whereas the government bears the majority of the costs. Switzerland has, along with the three Scandinavian countries of Norway, Denmark and Sweden, one of the most efficient and cost effective public healthcare systems in the world. The health outcomes for hospitalized patients are also very impressive (www.Although the life expectancy for a Swiss citizen is 82 years, there is concern with respect to infant mortality rates. UNICEF released ranking system places Switzerland at a dismal position of 166. As of 2007, one in twenty Swiss infants die before reaching the age of five. But some steps are already being taken to address this. A Short History of Switzerland.

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Offler, H. S., Bonjour, E. & Potter, G. R. (1992). A Short History of Switzerland. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Switzerland. (2007). In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press.

The Official UNICEF website, Country Information: Switzerland, retrieved from <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/switzerland_statistics.html#62> on on 8th June, 2009

The Country of Switzerland, retrieved from <(http://www.about.ch/geography/index.html)> on 8th June, 2009

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