For example, the authors cited Forcehimes (2004) who studied the spiritual transformations in alcoholics. This supported the effectiveness of energy treatments on transformation of patients. This framework is based on the scientific theory derived from research about transformative change in medicine. The framework also identifies relationships among concepts, including transformative change and energy treatments.Research Objectives, Hypotheses, and QuestionsThe study does not clearly show the hypothesis and questions of research, but the research objectives are clearly indicated. One of the objectives of the study was to identify the effectiveness of using energy healing treatment on clinical therapy of patients with chronic pain. The second objective was to find out the number of treatment sessions that enhance successful intervention for the pain clinic. Lastly, one of the important objectives of the study was to establish the outcomes of patients undergoing energy healing, including transformative outcomes and whole-person outcomes. Variables are important for effective data analysis in a clinical research (Burns and Grove, 2007). The variables are also clearly stated to include number energy healing treatment sessions; frequency, intensity and duration of pain; views and attitudes of patients after treatment; and whole-person and transformative actions. Sutherland: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Critique.
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