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Sustainable Agriculture and Ecology Essay Example

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Sustainable Agriculture and Ecology

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The term sustainable agriculture was first used by Gordon McClymont, an Australian agricultural scientist. This paper will analyze the biological methods which have been used in sustainable agriculture and illustrate the mechanisms by which they are used. It will also analyze the reasons why implementing such policies is beneficial to society.One major benefit of sustainable agriculture is that it helps preserve and maintain the ecosystem, which despite ignorance of most individuals, has an essential part in many aspects of human life. Some of the major energy sources used by humans have been predicted to run out in the next few decades. Hence, the country will require ecosystems as an energy source and to some extent a financial resource (Day et al. Ecosystems as an energy source are also beneficial to the quality of air in the environment as they produce less harmful byproducts. The biodiversity in different nations will determine the amount of energy sources, which can in turn result in an improvement the nation’s economy. This situation requires ecologists to further studies into functioning of ecosystems and find ways in which they can be preserved and used as energy sources (Day et al.Other strategies such as and Systems Ecology for improvement of approaches taken in research have been suggested. This in turn will enable the formulation of strategies that allow a smooth transition of current agricultural methods into approaches that are more sustainable. The two procedures have similar foundations and hence can be merged and utilized to obtain sustainable agricultural transitions (Eksvard & Rydberg, 2010). The methods can be used to improve the decision making as they analyze human activity from a broader perspective and offer a large scale upon which patterns of human activity are compared. These two processes are likely to improve the strategies implemented in the agricultural process as they provide and increased base of comparison, which will be based on diversification, connectivity and communication. This also provides the farmers with the farmers with a substantial amount of understanding of the ecosystem and allows them to make a decision on which resources they should utilize depending on the situation (Eksvard & Rydberg, 2010).Microbiological research has also been used to provide insight on the

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References

Day Jr., John W., Hall, C A., Yáñez-Arancibia, A., Pimentel, D., Martí, C I., Mitsch, &

Williams J., (2009). Ecology in Times of Scarcity. BioScience, 00063568, Apr2009, Vol. 59, Issue 4

Eksvard, K., & Rydberg, T. (2010). Integrating Participatory Learning and Action Research

and Systems Ecology: A potential for Sustainable Agricultural Transitions. Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010.

Geldermann U., & Kogel K. (2002) Nature’s Concept. The !New Agriculture" amidst

Ecology, Economy and the Demythologization of the Gene. J. Agronomy & CropScience. 188, 368- 375 (2002).

Khoshgoftarmanesh. A., Schulin, R., Chaney., Daneshbakhsh, A. (2009). Micronutrient

efficient genotypes for crop yield and nutritional quality in sustainable agriculture. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 30 (2010) 83-107.

Tikhonovich, I., & Provorov, N. (2010). Microbiology is the basis of sustainable agriculture:

an opinion. Annals of Applied Biology ISSN OOO3-4746

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