From there, analog technology continued to develop influence surveillance techniques. Video cassette recorders allowed preservation of evidence and from the 1970s onwards businesses prone to theft mounted CCTV cameras on their premises both as a deterrent and as a tool to apprehend thieves. In family court cases, video evidence of adultery and poor parenting decided the outcomes of cases.Analog technology reached its nadir in through the 1980s to the late 1990s with charged couple device cameras enabling recording in low light and night conditions. Digital multiplexing allowed for recording on several cameras at once with time-lapse and motion detection capability. In the mid-1990s, automated telling machines (ATMs) had video cameras installed as a standard procedure worldwide.Digital technology further improved surveillance capabilities of law enforcement agencies. This technology provided clearer and more reliable images and required much less physical storage than analog tapes. From 1997 onwards, police used digital cameras across the United States. “Nanny cams” also became prominent as a niche market was realized. Market forces drove towards smaller and higher resolution cameras that were easily hidden.This adoption of digital video surveillance technology was also alluded to by Douglas (Douglas, 2010), who elaborated on the importance of high resolution, high megapixel (MP) cameras. Images do not blur when focusing or zooming in on a specific instance or element of the video image. Modern digital cameras installed in business premises for example can zoom 300 feet and make out individual license plates. Douglas also noted that the cost of these cameras goes down as the technology improves. Axis, a security camera company, sells high definition camera with 2 MP resolution with built-in optical zoom and intelligent analytical software for US$1500 (Douglas, 2010).After the events of September 11, 2001, software developers began refining programs such as facial recognition software (Wilkerson, 2008; Yang, Capell, & Port, 2005). In 2002, facial recognition cameras were installed at the Statue of Liberty and at Ellis Island. In December of 2003, a pilot program for tracking missing children and registered sex offenders was introduced in Arizona which used this technology.The proliferation of streaming
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