Selecting an appropriate antibiotic to prevent an infection is extremely beneficial. Te antibiotic selected should be one that can effectively work against the microorganism likely to cause surgical site infection (Kurtz, 2011). Te antibiotic selection varies depending on the kind of surgery. Pysician and clinical experts from various health bodies, bards, ad groups have developed guiding principles for appropriate antibiotic selection 2004). Fom the proposed strategies, hspitals are anticipated to create inter-department protocols based on local consensus and formulary of the practitioners. Te protocols are the guidelines that direct medical staff on what to do in cases of emergencies.
I this scenario, tey assist in ensuring that the most appropriate antibiotic is chosen since they can be prepared beforehand and performed by the nursing and pharmacy personnel. I this situation, te need to note down a unique antibiotic order for every surgical patient is reduced. Frthermore, te unique regimen may contain an error or some portion of it may be inadvertently omitted (Griffin, 2005). Te protocols are therefore developed with the assistance of local experts, te physicians, ad handling the infectious disease at the hospital.
Te protocols contain clear guidelines to direct the staff on recommended substitutes in case allergic reactions occur, o the criterion as to when a doctor should be notified for a different antibiotic order. Te antibiotic protocols should be reviewed, rnewed, ad updated annually basing the changes on the accessibility of medicines and amendment in guidelines nationwide. Te timing of the antibiotic administration is another fundamental aspect in preventing surgical site infections. Cinical experts recommend that the initial dosage of an antibiotic for site infection prophylaxis should be given prior to the commencing of surgery.
Tis time is also recognized as the incision time (Griffin, 2005). Rsearch has revealed that giving the first dose of antibiotics on the right time (60 minutes before incision time) plays a vital part in minimizing the risks of surgical site infections. Fndings from frequently cited studies where nearly three thousand surgical patients were interviewed with different first dose timings revealed...
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