At times, children who suffer from the disease engage in various non-social activities such as playing with a restricted range of items and objects for a very long period. In other instances, toddlers with the condition spend less time playing compared to those who do not suffer from the condition. A big difference between the children with autism and those without the disease is seen when it comes to play choices and patterns. While most kids are able to use their imagination to play a wide variety of games, with autism lack skills for symbolic play and will end up spending their entire playtime examining a single playing tool.
The intense focus on a single object and play type greatly impacts on their social interaction abilities. Other symptoms of the disease include engaging in repetitive tasks, resistance to environmental change, general stereotyped movements and unusual response to physical and sensory experiences. It is not easy to gauge the average and relative prevalence of autism in a particular ethnic group. Moreover, there is presently no genetic market and blood test indicate the existence of the conditions.
As a result, all the diagnoses are done through clinical observations and neurological tests supported (Caruso, 2010). Practitioners have also faced a lot of challenges when it comes to the accurate diagnosis of the condition because there are many symptoms and characteristics of the disease that resemble other conditions like deafness, severe reactive attachment, and mental retardation. Durand (2012) therefore considers autism to be a family related disorder with affects the ability of an individual to relate with others, communicate well and show behavior and interests.
Based on this description, it is apparent that the spectrum of the condition is very broad. In one end of the spectrum are children who display cognitive impairment and are also unable to speak or show interests in other people. On the second end is the group of children who are able to speak well but lack social interactive abilities.
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