Moreover, the Controlling Body has no obligation to perform testing of players unless directed by AFL, and they should not appoint third parties to undertake these testing procedures.The other policy stipulates that a player, who has been directed to leave the playing surface, should only be replaced by a player whose name is on Team Sheet. The other policy states that a replacement player should enter the playing surface at the same time when the player is leaving the playing surface, and if the replacement player fails to enter the playing surface before the other player has left, the Umpire should restart play. The other policy indicates that player are not allowed to wear any form of jewelers, boot studs, cletes or any protective equipment that is not approved by the Controlling Body. However, there are situations where the field Umpire is convinced that the item does not subject players in any form of risk related to injury.The measurement of competitive balance relates to two aspects, which include; within-season competition balance that are associated with relative quality of teams in a season, and between-season competitive balance that are aimed at relative quality of teams over a number of seasons (Booth, 2000). One remedy for competitive imbalance is the merits of various measures that canvassed prior to settling on two basic measures, which include; distributions of season win percentage within-season competitive balance and distribution of premierships that are a measurement between season competitive balances.The other remedy relates to use of measures and comparison of the across the two different periods, which include a period of 15 years and 20 years. For instance, the period between 1970 and 1984 coincided with the introduction of the team salary cap, and it was preceded by national player draft by the end of 1986. The other remedy is holding discussions in order to explain the outcomes of competitive imbalance in different periods, in the AFL, and this entails introducing the team salary cap and player draft and the number and location of clubs.There are issues related to the imposition of player draft, and their enforceable team salary caps has depicted effects of rising the competitive balance, at the expense of decreasing the wages of the players. However, there are prospects of that this will not be necessary in the future
Australian Football League (AFL). (2012). Policy and Guidelines. Retrieved on 14 October 2012 <http://www.afl.com.au/Portals/0/afl_docs/afl_hq/research_program_guidelines_feb09.pdf>
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Booth, R., (2000). Labor Market Intervention, Revenue Sharing and Competitive Balance in the Victorian Football League/Australian Football League, 1897-1998. Monash: University, Melbourne.
Booth, R (2006). The Economic Development of the Australian Football League, in Wladimir Andreff and Stefan Szymanski (Eds), Handbook on the Economics of Sport, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
Borland, J. & McDonald, R. (2004). Professional Sports Competitions in Australia, in Rodney Fort and John Fizel (eds), International Sports Economics Comparisons. Praeger: Westport, Connecticut, 295-318.
Humphreys, B. (2006). The Economic Impact of Sporting Facilities, in Wladimir Andreff and Stefan Szymanski (Eds). Handbook on the Economics of Sport, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
Lenten, L. (2006). Unobserved Components in Competitive Balance and Match Attendances in the Australian Football League, 1945-2005: Where is all the Action Happening? Department of Economics and Finance, La Trobe University.
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