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Sport And Society Essay Example

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Sport And Society

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Sport And Society. When looking at the study of sport in society, the functionalist approach has founded the basis for numerous decisions regarding sport at all levels of participation and is used to justify the funding of sport by Governments. The functionalist approach is responsible for the promotion of sport on both personal and social levels, because it highlights the positive effects, stating that sport is a valuable social institution and a source of inspiration. The functionalist theory focuses attention on how sports assists keep the society operating easily and influences individuals to contribute to the social system.From the Governments perspective it is easy to see that access and participation are intertwined;

by providing more opportunities for people at all levels in sport, a number of participants will rise. From a functionalist approach, the Governments perspective is not sufficiently discriminatory, it overlooks certain problems such as age and gender issues that do not support the equilibrium in society. A functionalist approach leads to exaggerated statements about positive effects of sport, believing that anything that lasts is good (is functional) and it fails to consider that sport could distort values. Functionalist theory is based on the assumption that the needs of the individuals in society reflect the needs of the social system, it assumes homogeneity of interests and the desire to maintain harmony which is not the case, not everyone in a society may want to play a certain sport, and functionalism cannot distinguish whether people actually want to play sport at all. The way the Government wants to promote sport is typically from a functionalist perspective and is the best sociological theory to use when promoting the sport. Different sociological theories help identify issues and problems and Coakley (2003) believe the best theories are the ones that make sense, so from the Governments point of view, a functionalist approach is ideal because it believes sport is an inspiration. Sport And Society.

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