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Sparta vs. Athens (Lycurgus vs. Pericles Funeral Oration)

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The power was simply held by a group of ephors who were only five men. Tere was a general call from the constitution to all men to engage in military education at a tender age of seven for training on being tough and self-sufficient. Te individual’s life was meant for the state where one lived and died for it. Ay form of foreign trade and travelling was banned from Sparta thus locking out foreign ideas thus giving a chance to aspect of surprise when they attacked (Adams). Te in Athens was flawed since choice was made on eligibility to serve with limited powers and the idea of expelling the speaker in case such a person became very powerful was a normal practice (Bogotch 301-320).

There was blatant abuse of this rule and thus did infringe heavily on those freedoms of speech that could be exercised by the citizens. Te male citizens were given equal rights and the government majorly did focus on an individual as opposed to state. I is not surprising that Athenian males had full as voting rights and highest ranks in the society, wile women who were citizens were still considered minors.

A the age of marriage, te fathers did offer their daughter for marriage where they led indoor lives as wives. Tey were thus condemned to childbearing, swing and doing house chores. I the Pericles’ Funeral Oration, w find a very damning contempt of women in public life. In this Oration, mny references regarding the equality and justice than could be enjoyed in the Athenian life is expressed. I this Oration, is that women did not share any form of equal rights with the male gender and no reference as such does exist when the Athenian people are mentioned, oly male race is known.

Mtics did not have to own land nor take part in any form of government activity since they were considered outsiders (Thucydides 202-209). Te Athenian laws did have protection for the slaves against being treated in a brutal manner even without them having any right to property ownership. Tis is different from the Spartan government the slaves no law protecting them and were treated brutally and killed in case they were found to be defying the government.

Sarta also treated women differently since girls that survived infancy got good public education which was more physical than it could be expected to be academic. Tese. ..

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preview essay on Sparta vs. Athens (Lycurgus vs. Pericles Funeral Oration)
  • Pages: 5 (1250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Philosophy
  • Level: Masters
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