In addition, te sow also protects its piglets from predators and offers them a vertical social learning environment (Bell 38). Sw crates that have been used during the time of farrowing plus lactation when it comes to intensive piggeries usually prevent sows from expressing their maternal behaviors as they are confined to a restricted area and limit their interaction with their piglets (Prolit 72). I sows, tey are often restricted in terms of movement too. Sws confined to crates hence have few maternal responsibilities towards their piglets (Prolit 74).
to research conducted, i was found out that sows in crates were less responsive to their voices of their piglets as they directed less behaviors towards them based on poor interactions than if they were left free in the wild (Prolit 78). I small pens, te pigs have more space to roam around when compared to crates and can easily interact with their piglets. Mternal behaviours are more expressed in pen house as it can house the sow and piglets. I having crates, mans some aspects related to maternal will be deemed unnecessary for the pigs.
Sme of these aspects include the sow building a nest for the piglets, poviding protection of the piglets from outside predators, gving warmth (McMeekan 89). I crates, wrmth is generally provided by use of heat lamps. Potection from predators is not necessary by mothers as humans offer that provision (McMeekan 95). Frthermore, te crates themselves are expected to serve as nests to the pigs instead of them making them in the wild. Pn house best provide the sows a chance to express of the maternal behavior like protection of their piglets and provision of warmth.
Mdern pen housing that have been used intensively for farrowing and lactating sows have also been seen to have ignored some maternal behavior aspects like nest building (Croft 38). I addition, pglets raised in confined crates usually are deprived of the ability to relate to others in order to learn and develop. I is important for piglets to associate with other piglets and sows in order to learn their social life. A said above, sws before normally stay close to sows that are of its generation (Croft 56).
Pglets in confined environments fail to know their social life. I is because of this deprivation of the above ability to learn, iteract and develop socially that led to the development...
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