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Sociology - philosophy Essay Example

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Sociology - philosophy

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Subjective interpretation, variance, objectivity, and fact all vanish into a monolithic machine that drives meaning to a single source, an illusory central point of vanishing into history. "If you asked me what sociology is, I would say that it must be insight into society, into the essential nature of society," Adorno says – it must be, but it is not. "Ladies and Gentleman, I would now ask you not to write down and take home what I have told you as a definition of sociology. it cannot be reduced to an axiom.Adorno and the Frankfurt School are advocating a position of radical freedom from the State and the restrictions of theoretical interpretation through a radical re-thinking of fundamentals, universals, essences, and other aspects of bias that make claims to ultimate truth or reality in sociology. Knowledge systems inherently promote totalitarian universal values, the essential meaning of things that is fixed and unchanging, or knowledge of the inner-operation of society and the universe that inevitably falls short of the goal of accurately representing reality. As Adorno writes in “Negative Dialectics” (1970), “If one speaks in the newest aesthetic debates of anti-drama and anti-heroes, then Negative Dialectics, which holds itself distant from all aesthetic themes, could be called an anti-system.If “Negative Dialectics” represents an anti-system, then Auschwitz on the other extreme represents the fully totalitarian aspects of a system in application. From the perspective of humanity, Auschwitz is a symbol of the most terrible aspects of modernism, the factory of anti-Semitism and death, the total mobilization of society to the ends of violent, fascist theory. Auschwitz motivates the moral awareness in humanity to resist, but Adorno recognizes that this requires freedom of thought and critical awareness as a basis for activism. The person confronted with the symbol of Auschwitz must respond because as Adorno states, “Hitler has imposed a new categorical imperative upon humanity.”5 If Auschwitz can be considered the apotheosis of evil in modernism, then the challenge exists in philosophy to go beyond modernism, to purge modernist thought of its fascist element and remake it in the model of one’s own moral awareness and critical understanding.“Auschwitz confirms the philosopheme of pure identity as death. The most provocative dictum from Beckett’s Endgame: that there would no longer be anything to really be afraid of, reacts

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preview essay on Sociology - philosophy
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Undergraduate
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