Social facts are causal to some other social facts, ad in totality affect the direction and the way in which society functions and continue through the generations, een though individuals in the society pass away (Gingrich, 2000). Tough such societies are made of individuals, te society is more powerful than the individual itself, ad they are a coercive group. Tese actions are different from any organic cause or material/physical cause, ad exist only through the consciousness of the individual. Een then, aalysis of this interaction reveals facts on in a particular fashion, ad so that they do not fall under the analysis of mind; nr is the relationship to do with trade or commerce or finance – which fails it from falling under the domain of economic facts.
Tus, i calls for a special branch of science that is ‘sociology’ according to Durkheim. A Fillox (1993, p2) observes, Drkheim’s theories have a spurred a re-thinking in the field of sociology; ad his ingenuity lay in the manner of his approach to the structure-function analysis, prceiving it from standpoint.
Rather than studying the problems through a psychological perspective or economic perspective, Drkheim posited a truly sociological theory of an unusual behavior; hwever, h hardly pinpoints the overall effects of this theory. Tis had not been attempted by other researchers, erlier. Een though social facts were important details, acording to Durkheim, tey are not the causal reasons for the formation of the society. Te basis on which such social organization is constructed, ae determinants such as moral values, rles, scial solidarity, rligion, ad a congenial agreement in between set of individuals in the group or the society.
I his work, Te Division of Labor (1893), h puts forth two main concepts. 1 Societies originated from a simple, nn-specialized form or mechanical form and transformed into a highly complex, frm or organic form. I the non-specialized form of society, te people are more group-oriented, ad tend to act and think like one another, prforming similar tasks and having common, goup-oriented goals. Hwever, wen societies transform into complex, o organic, teir actions too acquire complexity. Tere is group-oriented activity, the actions and goals of people in this society are individualistic (Gingrich 2000; Pore. ..
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