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Sociology Essay Essay Example

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Sociology Essay

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Social facts are causal to some other social facts, and in totality affect the direction and the way in which society functions and continue through the generations, even though individuals in the society pass away (Gingrich, 2000).Though such societies are made of individuals, the society is more powerful than the individual itself, and they are a coercive group. These actions are different from any organic cause or material/physical cause, and exist only through the consciousness of the individual. Even then, analysis of this interaction reveals facts on human relationships in a particular fashion, and so that they do not fall under the analysis of mind; nor is the relationship to do with trade or commerce or finance – which fails it from falling under the domain of economic facts. Thus, it calls for a special branch of science that is ‘sociology’ according to Durkheim.As Fillox (1993, p.2) observes, Durkheim’s theories have a spurred a re-thinking in the field of sociology; and his ingenuity lay in the manner of his approach to the structure-function analysis, perceiving it from a dual standpoint. Rather than studying the problems through a psychological perspective or economic perspective, Durkheim posited a truly sociological theory of an unusual behavior; however, he hardly pinpoints the overall effects of this theory. This had not been attempted by other researchers, earlier.Even though social facts were important details, according to Durkheim, they are not the causal reasons for the formation of the society. The basis on which such social organization is constructed, are determinants such as moral values, rules, social solidarity, religion, and a congenial agreement in co-existence between a set of individuals in the group or the society. In his work, The Division of Labor (1893), he puts forth two main concepts. 1) Societies originated from a simple, non-specialized form or mechanical form and transformed into a highly complex, form or organic form. In the non-specialized form of society, the people are more group-oriented, and tend to act and think like one another, performing similar tasks and having common, group-oriented goals. However, when societies transform into complex, or organic, their actions too acquire complexity. There is less group-oriented activity, and the actions and goals of people in this society are individualistic (Gingrich 2000; Poore

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www.emile-durkheim.com “Emile Durkheim” Online article last modified: December 13, 2002. Accessed on February 7, 2008. http://www.emiledurkheim.com/emile_durkheim_bibliography.htm

Durkheim, Emile, The Division of Labor in Society, New York, The Free Press, 1933. Referred to in notes as Division. HD 51 D98

Durkheim, Emile, The Rules of Sociological Method, New York, The Free Press, 1938. Referred to in notes as Rules. HM 24 D962

Durkheim, Emile, Suicide: A Study in Sociology, New York, The Free Press, 1951. Referred to in notes as Suicide. HV 6545 D812.

Filloux, Jean-Claude, (1993). ‘Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)’ in Prospects: vol. 23, no.1/2, UNESCO: International Bureau of Education, 2001 p. 303–320. Accessed on Feb 7, 2008. p.2. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/publications/ThinkersPdf/durkheie.pdf

Gingrich, Paul (1999). ‘Social Facts and Suicide’ Sociology 250. University of Regina, Department of Sociology and Social Studies. Online article last edited on October 26, 1999. http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/250j1503.htm

Gingrich, Paul (2000) ‘Review of Classical Sociology’ in Sociology 319. University of Regina, Department of Sociology and Social Studies. Online article last edited on January 13, 2000. http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/j1300.htm

Hadden, W. Richard (1997). Sociological Theory: An Introduction to the Classical Tradition. Cancopy, ISBN 1-55111095-4.

Poore, Simon (undated a). “The Durkheim Page-Anomie” in Sociology at Hewett. Accessed on Feb 7, 2008. http://www.hewett.norfolk.sch.uk/CURRIC/soc/crime/anomie.htm

Poore, Simon (undated b). “The Durkheim Page” in Sociology at Hewett. Accessed on Feb 7, 2008. http://www.hewett.norfolk.sch.uk/CURRIC/soc/durkheim/durkw2.htm

Ritzer, George, (1992). Sociological Theory, third edition, New York, McGraw-Hill. HM24 R4938. pp. 90-92.

Ron, Bolendar (2004). ‘Emile Durkheim 1858-1917.’ Online article. Webpage last edited on January 26, 2006, accessed on Feb 7, 2008. http://www.bolender.com/Sociological%20Theory/Durkheim,%20Emile/durkheim,_emil e.htm


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preview essay on Sociology Essay
  • Pages: 5 (1250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Ph.D.
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