Offending are serious social and public health concerns because a proportion of these offenders (ranging from 25% to 60%) suffer from mental/emotional/psychological problems that may cause delinquency, as well as recidivism (Ryan, Williams, & Courtney, 2013; Taylor & Fritsch, 2015). Studies noted that recidivism (i. repetition of criminal actions) is high among juvenile delinquents because of deeply-rooted social systems and situational factors that disable them from finding legitimate pathways for individual changes (Joseph, 1995; McDaniel, 2015; Mulder et al. Though (OJJDP) asserted that there is no national juvenile recidivism because of variations in how state justice systems define, measure, and report it (Sickmund & Puzzanchera, 2014), some studies showed that 25% to 60% of those with prior arrests would reoffend before reaching 18 years old (McDaniel, 2015, p.
5; Mennis et al. Reoffending is prevalent among youth offenders, which underscores the importance of studying its causes and evaluating the effectiveness of treatment programs and the role of courts in affective recidivism. This research answers the following research questions: Do parenting and socioeconomic status affect recidivism rates among juveniles?
are the prevalence, causes, and kinds of crimes of recidivating youth? What are the treatment programs, including court decisions, for recidivating youth and how do they affect juvenile recidivism? Structural strain theory, originally from Merton (1938), believes that delinquency is a product of individual frustration with social and economic conditions (Joseph, 1995, pp. Merton (1938) stresses that, even if the American society promotes culturally- and socially-determined goals, it does not offer equal opportunities for attaining them for the lower class (as cited in Joseph, 1995, p. As a result, some the lower class use criminal methods to attain the same socioeconomic goals
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