The second assumption provided is that the environment of the species (as Watson utilised animals for his experiments) is a contributing factor in the identification of behaviour. Watson (1913) stipulated that animals have hereditary or built-in systems that allow and disallows them to cope with their environment. However, his experiment on birds yielded that when exposed to certain stimuli from the environment, the birds of various species reacted differently. He was somehow unsuccessful in controlling the behaviour of the birds.Part of behaviourism from its early beginnings includes conditioning methods, particularly on classical conditioning. This method contends that behaviour can be conditioned by exposing the subject to certain stimuli repeatedly (Miller, 2012, p. This in effect resulted in controlled behaviour or conditioned responses. This has become a starting point for other researchers to develop behaviourism methods such that of Skinner’s (1995) operant conditioning, which provides that positive consequences from reacting to stimuli-induced repeated action (Miller, 2012, p.Other methods involved in this theory are behavioral modification as used by social workers.
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