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Social Support Theory in Nursing

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Operational definitions of social support, hwever, dffer depending on the focus and the extent of the study. Dfferent populations were used in the studies investigating the effects of the existence of a social support group. Snce the particular hypothesis herein focuses on people with diabetes, te population utilized for a majority of the researches included in this review involves diabetic patientsIn a study by Patterson and Brewer (2009), scial support was defined as “the informational, istrumental / practical, eotional, ad affirmational resources that people can receive from others” (p.

scial support was measured in terms of the amount of “information, ad, srategy, o resource that helps the parent to cope with the stressors and challenges associated with parenting an adolescent with diabetes” (p. I this study, te population considered were parents of children with diabetes and the sample consisted of nine parents (six mothers and 3 fathers) of children with Type 1 diabetes. Te study explicitly mentions reference to theories of support (p. 179) and it supports the existing theory by showing that parents are necessary social support adolescents with diabetes.

I the second study reviewed, Gz, e al (2005) defined social support as “the assistance and protection given to others, epecially to individuals. ”Presence of social support was measured in terms of the presence of family, icluding parents, souse, ofspring, sblings and grandparents; fiends; ad, asignificant other, i the form of boy/girlfriend, rlative, nighbor, ad doctor using a pre-piloted survey questionnaire delivered to the participants (Goz, e al, 2005). Te population for the study consisted of patients with Type 2 diabetes while sample group consisted of type 2 diabetes patients being followed up in the Diabetes Polyclinic of Kocaeli State Hospital in the Marmara region of Turkey who visited the polyclinic in May and June 2003” (Goz, e al, 2005, p Although there is not explicit mention of a theoretical framework in the study, i does promote the theory of social support because analysis of its results indicated that a social support group, prticularly the presence of health care providers including nurses, iproves the quality of life of participants (Goz, e al, 2005).

Fr the by Rees, Krter, ad Young (2010), scial support was...

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