As one can easily see, the fundamental aspect of racism is focused on the prejudice of inequality. In spite of the fact that there is no scientific evidence of such inequality whatsoever, racists genuinely believe that they are not oppressing others, but rather restore universal justice.The next important aspect which is often analyzed by social science with regard to race and social environment is the phenomenon of hate crimes. The latter constitutes a peculiar group of actions which are forbidden by the government and are punished stricter that conventional crimes since there is a particular social aspect involved. Hate crime is an umbrella term which includes crimes that are directed against a minority based on a variety of characteristics. That is why it is not only racial discrimination, but also sexual or religion discrimination that should be taken into account.It must be noted that over the years the social science was able to come up with various concepts that were able to contribute to the security of the place of race in the social environment. For example, it is often thought that the most adequate way to incorporate different races into one effective community is to promote the appreciation of diversity (Henry, 2012, 9). That is why sociologists argue that diversity should become an effective answer towards the challenges of racism since it allows people to escape the framework that was formed by prejudices and develop a new understanding of their place in the multicultural society.Finally, it is particularly important to make a clear differentiation between two seemingly equal terms such as racism and ethnic nationalism. As it has been mentioned, the formed is based on a wrong assumption which states that people who belong to different races are not equal and, therefore, a master race is allowed to dominate which is justified by their supremacy. Contrary to that, the idea of ethnic nationalism is completely opposite: first of all, it is focused on appreciation of one particular ethnicity and does not expand its scope to other; secondly, it is concerned with appreciation and development rather than criticism and oppression. That is why the social science should view the former as a negative phenomenon which has a harmful influence on the social environment in general while the latter might become a driving force of the entire
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