Facebook Pixel Code
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Social and Physical Benefits of Parks and Recreation Literature Review Paper Essay Example

Show related essays

Social and Physical Benefits of Parks and Recreation Literature Review Paper

This is a preview of the 5-page document
Read full text

The author conducted a survey among visitors of an urban park in Amsterdam, to investigate people’s “motives for urban nature, the emotional dimension involved in the experience of nature and its importance for people’s general well being” (Chiesura, 2004, p. The results demonstrate that parks and recreation spaces are beneficial services fulfilling human needs of an immaterial and nonconsumptive nature. The positive functions of green areas also extends to reduced fear, fewer incivilities, and lower levels of aggression and violent behavior among residents living in close proximity to ‘greener’ spaces (Kuo and Sullivan, 2001).Zhou and Rana (2012) suggest the use of an integrated valuation and measurement framework on the due to limitations in existing methods of valuation and accessibility analyses. They found that significant measure techniques in urban green space planning include the use of tools such as urban green space valuation in the providers’ perspective, as well as accessibility analysis in the consumers’ perspective. The researchers constructed a conceptual framework using a systematic approach quantifying social benefits of green space from provider and consumer perspectives. The social benefits of parks included opportunities for recreation, aesthetic enjoyments, enhancement of social ties, and increasing psychological health through promoting physical health (Zhou and Rana, 2012).processes, contact with nature contributes to health and psychological well-being. Parks and recreation spaces provide opportunities for physical activities, helping to create active communities through the ecological approach (Sallis et al., 2006); promoting increased physical activity among all age groups including children (Tucker et al., 2007), youth (Moody et al., 2004) and older adults (Orsega-Smith et al.The findings from research conducted by Kaczynski et al. (2008) using observational data and logistic regression, reveal that parks with more number of features had greater likelihood of being used for physical activity, while size and distance were not significant determinants. Similarly, park facilities had a greater impact on physical activity than park amenities; and specific facilities such as trails increased park-based activities to the highest level. Lackey and Kaczynski (2008) explored the extent to which self-reported and objectively-measured distance to parks was impacted by

This is a preview of the 5-page document
Open full text


Chiesura, A. (2004). The role of urban parks for the sustainable city. Landscape and Urban

Planning, 68, 129-138.

Cohen, D.A., McKenzie, T.L., Sehgal, A., Williamson, S., Golinelli, D., & Lurie, N. (2007).

Contribution of public parks to physical activity. American Journal of Public Health, 97(3),


Gidlof-Gunnarson, A., & Ohrstrom, E. (2007). Noise and well-being in urban residential

environments. Landscape and Urban Planning, 83, 115-126.

Herzog, T.R., Black, A.M., Fountaine, K.A., & Knotts, D.J. (1997). Reflection and attentional

recovery as distinctive benefits of restorative environments. Journal of Environmental

Psychology, 17, 165-170.

Kaczynski, A., Potwarka, L.R., & Saelens, B.E. (2008). Association of park size, distance, and

features with physical activity in neighborhood parks. American Journal of Public Health,

98(8), 1451-1456.

Kaplan, R., & Kaplan, S. (1989). The experience of nature: A psychological perspective. New

York: Cambridge University Press.

Klaeboe, R., Kolbenstvedt, M., Fyhri, A., & Solberg, S. (2005). The impact of an adverse

neighborhood soundscape on road traffic noise annoyance. Acta Acustica united with

Acustica, 91, 1039-1050.

Kuo, F.E., & Sullivan, W.C. (2001). Environment and crime in the inner city. Does vegetation

reduce crime. Environment & Behavior, 3(33), 343-367.

Lackey, K., & Kaczynski, A.T. (2009). Correspondence of perceived vs. objective proximity to

parks and their relationship to park-based physical activity. International Journal of

Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6(53), 1-9.

Moody, J., Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Brown, M., et al. (2004). Viability of

parks and recreation centers as sites for youth physical activity promotion. Health Promotion

Practice, 5(4), 438-443.

Orsega-Smith, M.E., Payne, L.L., Mowen, A.J., Ho, C-H., Godbey, G.C., et al. (2007). The role

of social support and self-efficacy in shaping the leisure time physical activity of older

adults. Journal of Leisure Research, 39(4), 705-727.

Sallis, J., Cervero, R.B., Ascher, W., Henderson, K.A., Kraft, M.K., & Kerr, J. (2006). An

ecological approach to creating active living communities. Annual Review of Public Health,

27, 297-322.

Taylor, W.C., Floyd, M.F., Whitt-Glover, M.C., & Brooks, J. (2007). Environmental justice: A

framework for collaboration between the Public Health and Parks and Recreation fields to

study disparities in physical activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 4(S1), S50-


Tucker, P., Gilliland, J., & Irwin, J.D. (2007). Splashpads, swings, and shade: Parents’

preferences for neighborhood parks. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 98(3), 198-202.

Ulrich, R.S. (1981). Natural versus urban scenes: Some psycho-physiological effects.

Environment & Behavior, 13, 523-556.

Ulrich, R.S. (1984). View through a window may influence recovery from surgery. Science,

224, 420-421.

Zhou, X., & Rana, M.M. (2012). Social benefits of urban green space: A conceptual framework

of valuation and accessibility measurements. Management of Environmental Quality: An

International Journal, 23(2), 173-189.

Close ✕
Tracy Smith Editor&Proofreader
Expert in: Environmental Studies, Statistics, Physics
Hire an Editor
Matt Hamilton Writer
Expert in: Environmental Studies, Chemistry, Geography
Hire a Writer
preview essay on Social and Physical Benefits of Parks and Recreation Literature Review Paper
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us