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Social history-German student movement

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They took part in demonstrations that were organized by groups such as Sozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund in opposition to the regime5. This happened contrary to the government’s efforts to curb activism by using the media and deliberately reducing funding to the students organizations and their universities6.Later, the movement intensified especially after a visit by the Iranian Shah on June 2, 1967. Demonstrations were organized the Opera House to prove to the government that by allowing Shah to visit the country, it was in support of a dictator who had been using his powers to torture and oppress its own citizens7. After the shooting of Benno Ohnesorg, violent demonstrations erupted across the country because even non-students joined to fight against the military actions of the police officers who were using excessive force on the demonstrators.Despite all these, the university students managed to overpower the authorities and took control over the Free University of Berlin before the same spirit spreading to other parts of the country until it later reached its climax and decline in 19688. Later, the movement influenced the rest of the West German population who joined to fight against the brutality of the police force. This was mainly enhanced by the rampant demonstrations that were then going on in other parts of the world.Its eventual decline, in May 1968, was prompted by the passing of the new law by the Bundestag despite the fierce opposition by the trade unions, school-going children and university students who formed a group of 80,000 demonstrators in Bonn9. Actually, the decline was as a result of the failure of the demonstrators to form one strong group so as to speak with one voice10. Nonetheless, it brought changes from which everyone learnt activism is actually a good initiative because it can help in improving the society and making it better for living.The student movement erupted in Germany because of the university students’ reactions to the socio-political and economic inequalities both within and out of Germany. The first reason for this movement was a reaction to the past actions of the German National Socialist that did not please the students. According to these students, German Fascism had not actually come to an end. It was quite infuriating because a large number of the former National Socialists were still employed in the universities and
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