As stated earlier, scial capital of individuals increases their susceptibility to certain diseases. Tat is, rlative differences in an individual’s status indicate absolute differences in life chances. Oe’s status in society is a relative concept rather than absolute, ad it changes with time. Mrmot notes that incomes are indicative of an individual are social ranking in society (2007). Icome level, mreover, i determined by the capabilities of a given individual. Lw earning individuals have less control and have low social participation thus increasing their risk of disease (Wilkinson and 2011).
Scial participation is an individual’s contribution towards society through social networking and the receipt of social support from individuals (Subramanyam et al. Te lower the social participation the higher the risks of mortality rates and vice versa. Rciprocity is another aspect of social participation; idividuals often expend effort towards others with the expectation of being rewarded with similar gestures (Subramanyam et al. Satus, a with health, pays a significant role in social participation. Idividuals with higher social status are awarded social activities while their low-status counterparts are denied the same.
I addition, sciety fosters social participation, hnce favoring high-status individuals in the process. Lss of trust, fr instance, icreases the prevalence of suicides in society (Wilkinson & Pickett, 2011). Tust and reciprocity are significant forms of social capital. Cnsidering this, i is a known fact that social capital increases with status with high-status individuals having capital that is more social. Wth increased social capital, idividuals are able to reap more health benefits that are resultant of social participation (Marmot, 2007). Tis leads to the unfavorable conclusion that lack of autonomy and low social participation leads to the inequality in health evident in today’s society.
Cnsidering the work of Wilkinson and Pickett, hw would the health of people on different levels of the social gradient be affected by living in a society with a Gini Coefficient of .250 as compared to a Gini Coefficient of .450 and why? Te Gini coefficient compares the distribution of wealth across areas. Lw coefficient denotes equality in resource and wealth distribution; wereas high coefficient...
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