Facebook Pixel Code
x
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Schizophrenia as a Major Concern in Public Health Essay Example

Show related essays

Schizophrenia as a Major Concern in Public Health

This is a preview of the 13-page document
Read full text

Schizophrenia as a Major Concern in Public Health. Experts believe that several factors bring about schizophrenia. For a long time, scientists have known schizophrenia to run in families. Although the disorder arises in 1% of the general population, it occurs in 10% of individuals whose first-degree relation such as a parent, sister or brother had/has the disorder. Persons whose second-degree relatives such as grandparents, cousins, aunts or uncles have/had the illness are also more likely to develop schizophrenia compared to the general population. The risk is greatest for an identical twin of an individual suffering from schizophrenia (40 – 65%). People inherit their genes from both parents. Scientists link several genes with a greater risk of schizophrenia, but they point out that no gene brings about the disease by itself.

In effect, recent research indicates that persons suffering from schizophrenia have a tendency of having increased rates of unusual genetic mutations. These genetic disparities involve numerous different genes and most likely disrupt the development of the brain. According to other recent studies, schizophrenia may develop in part following a malfunctioning of a certain gene that is vital in the making of vital brain chemicals. This hitch may have an effect on the part of the brain that is concerned with the development of higher functioning skills. It is important to note that it most likely takes more than genes to bring about the disorder. According to scientists, for schizophrenia to arise, there must be interactions between genes and the environment. Various environmental factors such as problems during birth, malnutrition before birth, exposure to viruses and other unknown psychosocial factors must exist. Scientists also attribute the development of schizophrenia to different brain chemistry and structure. They think that a disparity in the brain’s interrelated, intricate chemical reactions involving the neurotransmitters (substances that permit the communication of brain cells) glutamate and dopamine, and perhaps others, contributes to the development of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia as a Major Concern in Public Health.

This is a preview of the 13-page document
Open full text

References

Birchwood, M. J., Birchwood, M. & Jackson, C. (2001). Schizophrenia. Portland, OR: Psychology Press.

Cardno, A. G. and Gottesman II, (2000). Twin Studies of Schizophrenia: From Bow-and-arrow Concordances to Star Wars Mx and Functional Genomics. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 97, 1, 12-17.

Gilmore, J. H. (2010). Understanding What Causes Schizophrenia: A Developmental Perspective. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 1, 8-10.

Gogtay, N. and Rapoport, J. (2008). Clozapine Use in Children and Adolescents. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, 9, 3, 459-465.

Harrison, P.J. and Weinberger, D.R. (2005). Schizophrenia Genes, Gene Expression, and Neuropathology: On the Matter of their Convergence. Journal of Molecular Psychiatry, 10, 1, 40-68.

Huang, H.S. et al., (2007). Prefrontal Dysfunction in Schizophrenia Involves Missed-lineage Leukemia 1-regulated Histone Methylation at GABAergic Gene Promoters. Journal of Neuroscience, 27, 42, 11254-11262.

Kolb, B. & Whishaw, I. Q. (2008). Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology. London: Macmillan Publishers.

Lieberman, et al., (2005). Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE). Effectiveness of Antipsychotic Drugs in Patients with Chronic Schizophrenia. New England Journal of Medicine, 353, 12, 1209-1223.

Miller, R. and Mason, S. E. (2002). Diagnosis : Schizophrenia: A Comprehensive Resource for Patients, Families, and Helping Professionals. New York: Columbia University Press.

Mueser, K. T. and McGurk, S. R. (2004). Schizophrenia. Lancet, 363, 9426, 2063-2072.

Siegel, S. J, Ralph, L. N. & Ralph, L. (2010). Demystifying Schizophrenia for the General Practitioner. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Tsuang, M. T., Faraone, S. V. and Glatt, S. J. (2011). Schizophrenia. New York: Oxford University Press.

Walsh, T. et al., (2008). Rare Structural Variants Disrupt Multiple Genes in Neurodevelopmental Pathways in Schizophrenia. Science Journal, 320, 5875, 539-543.

Close ✕
Tracy Smith Editor&Proofreader
Expert in: Health Sciences & Medicine, Nursing, Medical science
Hire an Editor
Matt Hamilton Writer
Expert in: Health Sciences & Medicine, Medical science, Nursing
Hire a Writer
preview essay on Schizophrenia as a Major Concern in Public Health
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us